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Battery Handbook

Battery Handbook

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Published by chandran2679
Handbook of Battery
Handbook of Battery

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: chandran2679 on Jan 29, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/25/2013

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PowerChain Management solutions
The UPSBattery Handbook 
 
2
EATON CORPORATION
The UPS Battery Handbook
The UPS BatteryHandbook 
 
Understanding your UPS battery can extend battery life,prevent costly downtime and save time and money
It’s well understood that the battery in a UPS is the mostvulnerable part of the system. In fact, battery failure is a leadingcause of load loss. Knowing how to maintain and manage yourUPS batteries will extend battery life and save you time andtrouble in the future.Improvements in battery technology have been evolutionaryrather than revolutionary. Capabilities such as advanced chargingregimens, software management for accurate remaining lifeinformation and firmware adding intelligence to the batterieshave reduced, but not eliminated, the risks inherent in dependingon any battery. Therefore it is prudent, if not essential, to takea close look at what may be increasing your risk of unexpectedload loss from a failing UPS battery. After all, even largeinstallations with many batteries are vulnerable to the failureof a single battery.
Table of contents
 
Overview
..............................................................................................................................................3
Battery Facts
........................................................................................................................................5Four factors that impact battery life ............................................................................................5Battery disposal ...........................................................................................................................6Battery maintenance for extended life ........................................................................................6Battery safety ..............................................................................................................................7
Battery FAQ
..........................................................................................................................................8
Battery Products and Services from Eaton
....................................................................................10Eaton Cellwatch.........................................................................................................................11Extending battery service life ....................................................................................................12Customer Support Center .........................................................................................................12
Battery Glossary
................................................................................................................................13
   T  a   b   l  e  o   f   C  o  n   t  e  n   t  s
 
www.eaton.com/UPSbatteries
1.800.356.5794
3
There are primarily two kinds of batteries used in UPSs — valve-regulated lead-acid (VRLA) batteries, also known as sealed ormaintenance-free, and wet-cell (also called flooded-cell). VRLAbatteries usually have lower up-front costs but have a shorterlifetime than wet-cell, usually around five years. Wet-cellbatteries require more advanced maintenance but have a longerlifetime, up to 20 years.
VRLA 
VRLA batteries are sealed, usually within polypropylene plastic.VRLAs were developed because they have the advantage ofcontaining no sloshing liquid that might leak or drip out wheninverted or handled roughly. The term valve-regulated refers tothe method of gas release. If the gas pressure becomes toogreat inside the battery, the valve will vent when it reaches acertain pressure.During charging of a lead-acid battery, hydrogen is normallyliberated. In a vented battery, the hydrogen escapes into theatmosphere. In a VRLA battery the hydrogen recombineswith oxygen, so water loss is minimized. Under normalfloat conditions, virtually all of the hydrogen and oxygen isrecombined. Re-sealable valves vent non-recombined gases onlywhen pressure exceeds a safety threshold.A VRLA battery is distinguished from a flooded-cell battery bythe rate at which oxygen is evolved from the positive plate anddiffused to the negative plate, ultimately forming water. This rateis several orders of magnitude faster than a flooded-cell battery.Because water cannot be added, recombination of water iscritical to the life and health of a VRLA battery. Any factor thatincreases the rate of evaporation or water loss reduces the lifeof the battery. Such factors can include ambient temperature andheat from the charging current.
UPS battery overview
Internal and external components of avalve-regulated lead-acid (VRLA) battery.
Positive FlagTerminalValvePolypropyleneContainer/JarSeparatorExtruded IntercellWelded Connection,Low ResistanceCurrent PathNegativePasted PlateLead AlloyGridStrap JoiningNegativePlates inParallelCover/Lid
VRLA batteries are frequentlyused in UPS or other high-rateapplications.
 Ov evi   ew

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