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res_15432_Mr_Donnellys_Little_Book_of_Spells.pdf

res_15432_Mr_Donnellys_Little_Book_of_Spells.pdf

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Published by: IHSteacher on Jan 29, 2013
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10/12/2013

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 Mr Donnelly’sLittle Book of Spells
 
 Word STUDY
 Standard Spelling Development
Spelling is developed through familiarity. The more we are familiar with the word the more recognisableit is and the easier it is to remember. As word and sound familiarity increases students are able togeneralise ‘sound rules’, like p says “p”, which in time they are able to apply to the spelling of unfamiliarwords. Other ‘rules’ follow.Visual generalisations follow sound generalisations. Visual generalisations include recognition of multiple representations for the same sound, silent letters and double letter patterns. The study of wordpatterns to this point is often referred to as phonology.Inflectional endings are the next patterns to be incorporated into our spelling schema. These are therules for adding s, ed and ing. While inflection creates plurality and tense, it often creates confusionwhen applying conventional syllable knowledge e.g. clapped. To avoid this confusion, inflections shouldbe removed when syllabifying words.From their knowledge of inflectional endings the developing speller becomes aware of affixes. Affixesare made up prefixes and suffixes and either changes the meaning or function of the base words onwhich they are affixed. Knowledge of the base word will often reveal the correct letter sequencing inmedial syllables of challenging words e.g. special to speciality. Studying how words change from a baseword is known as morphology.The final stage of spelling awareness is etymology. Etymology is the study of word history. Why is theEgyptian word for king, pharaoh, spelt with a ph? “ph” is a Greek reference indicating that at some stagein the history of Egypt that it was successfully invaded by Greece. English spelling often maintainsspelling patterns for historical purposes.Over the years English spelling has been plagued by the notion of exceptions. Exceptions are a shorthand way of disregarding irregularities in the phonology. However, far from having a language which iscomplicated by exceptions we have a beautifully robust language which is incredibly rule bound. Eveninvented words like “humungous”, blend sound groups from the more familiar words “huge” and“enormous” and maintains the “ous” pattern signifying its use as an adjective. It may be made up but itrequires correct spelling. If a word appears not to be rule bound... look harder!The stages of spelling development have been various described as: preliminary, semi-phonetic,phonetic, transitional and independent (First Steps); emergent, letter name/alphabetic, within wordpattern, syllables and affixes, derivational (Words Their Way); phonological, visual, morphemic andetymological (Spelling: Improving Student Outcomes).
Word STUDY
Word STUDY is a description of the stages if spelling development that can be easily used with veryyoung spellers. Word STUDY is an acronym which stands for: well-known words, sounds, tricks, use arule, derivations and years of age.
 
Word STUDY
 
Spelling EASY and USEFUL Words
 
No Excuse Words
W
Well-known Words
 
Word STUDYWe love it!Real WordsReal Texts
 
S
Sounds
Sound Charts
 
Consonants,a-e-i-o-u (short & long)Other vowel choices, Doubles,Silent letters, Homonyms &
Ə
 D: DeleteA: AddR: RearrangeT: Trade
 
T
 
Tricky Bits
Orthographic KnowledgeAlphabetic PatternsMeaningUse when writingUse when reading
U
 
Use a Rule
Use a Rule (+s, +ed, +ing)Inflectional endings:
 
Tense
 
PluralsDoes it have word family?
Base WordsPrefixesSuffixes
D
 
Derivations
The Big Five
 
Recognise (easiest not all)
Have a go (show me board)
Best Guess (DART)
Check (authoritative text)
Learn (WACAWAC)
 
WOW= Excellence!
5555
 
W: Willingly O: Often W: WellDuration Frequency Intensity
 
Y
 
Years of age!
 
Share the story of words.
Word Origins
 

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