Table #1: Elasticity valuesSingle Trial StatisticalAnalysisGraphical AnalysisBig Ball, diameter = 4.260 +/- 0.005cm
0.671+/-0.030 0.622+/-0.054 0.636+/-0.005
Small Ball, diameter = 2.970 +/- 0.005cm
0.850+/-0.030 0.805+/-0.036 0.817+/-0.007
The uncertainty of single trial was significantly higher when compared to that of the multiple trials basedgraphical analysis. The result was expected because multiple trials are able to identify random errorsand find a line of best fit among all data points. Whereas single trial make use of only one single datapoint, which can sometime be an error itself. The single trial uncertainty should be bigger because thereare no other data points to cross reference to. In multiple trials, the use of linear regression allow amore accurate determination of the line of best fit (and subsequently the slope, which is the elasticityvalue) and significantly lowers the uncertainty by 83% of the big ball single trial uncertainty and 77% of the small ball.
The data obtained from both balls demonstrated that elasticity values did not vary by height. Based onthe residual plot of both balls (Refer to appendix 2), the data points of both balls are close to thehorizontal axis. This was expected because of the following rearrangement of the elasticity formula:
The Elasticity value of any object is given as the rebound height (
divided by the initial height (
By rearranging the original equation to the familiar y=mx+b form (Elasticity =0 at (0, 0)), we can now plotthe data recorded where the rebound height is plotted in the y axis and the dropped height is plotted inthe x axis (Seeing as the
is common in the small and big ball, and that the both sets of y values will beplotted against the common x values
). The new rearranged equation is a linear equation, whichmeans that the slope (Elasticity) has to be constant and that the dropped height and rebound heighthave no effects on the elasticity because they are proportional to each other by a common proportion,elasticity.