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The Ancien Régime

The Ancien Régime

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Published by manavega

Summary about the main features of the so-called Ancien Regime, the feudal remaining system until 18th Century.

Summary about the main features of the so-called Ancien Regime, the feudal remaining system until 18th Century.

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Published by: manavega on Jan 29, 2013
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09/17/2013

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GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY DEPARTMENT. IES FRAY PEDRO DE URBINA
The Ancien Régime
The Ancien Régime
It was the feudal system that went on until the American and FrenchRevolutions.
As a political, economical and social system, it was characteristic ofEurope from 15th till 18th centuries.International situation
Confrontations among states looking for continental and colonialdominance:
Until the middle of 17th century, hegemony was Spanish, then Frenchand finally it was established a continental balance, watched by England, thatcontrolled the seas.
The first colonial empires were Portugal and Spain’s ones (16th century),later (17th c.) they started those of United Provinces (Nederlands), UnitedKingdom and France.Political system
An absolute monarch answerable only to God.
All the powers in king’s hands.
Parliaments (clergy, nobility and 3rd Estate representatives) justapproved new taxes (King called them only when he had need for).
Parliaments were stronger in United Kingdom and United Provinces(parliamentary monarchies).Still a feudal society
Three closed estates unfair society:
Nobility (privileged). By blood or royal appointment. Landowners (fiefs).Court noblemen lived in luxury. Exclusive posts in government and army. Notaxes.
Clergy (privileged). Rural and urban properties (monasteries,cathedrals). They got the tithe from peasants. Some charitable or culturalinstitutions depended on them.

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