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Mori Ōgai Sanshō Dayū (1915) Study Guide

Mori Ōgai Sanshō Dayū (1915) Study Guide

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Mori Ōgai Sanshō Dayū (1915) Study Guide
Mori Ōgai Sanshō Dayū (1915) Study Guide

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Published by: Beholdmyswarthyface on Jan 30, 2013
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Lit 365: Morrison
Mori Ōgai
 Sanshō
 D
ayū
(1915) Study Guide
 Terms1. Apollonian and Dionysian: Apollonian and Dionysian are terms used by Nietzsche in
The Birth of Tragedy
to designate the two central principles in Greek culture. The Apollonian, which corresponds to Schopenhauer
s principium
individuationis
 (
principle of individuation
), is the basis of all
analytic distinctions
. Everything thatis part of the unique individuality of man or thing is Apollonian in character; all typesof form or structure are Apollonian, since form serves to define or individualize that which is formed; thus, sculpture is the most Apollonian of the arts, since it reliesentirely on form for its effect.
Rational thought
is also Apollonian since it isstructured and makes distinctions.The Dionysian, which corresponds roughly to Schopenhauer
s conception of 
 Will
, isdirectly opposed to the Apollonian.
Drunkenness
and
madness
are Dionysian because they 
 break down
a man
s individual character; all forms of enthusiasm andecstasy are Dionysian, for in such states man gives up his individuality and
submerges
himself in a
greater whole
:
music
is the most Dionysian of the arts,since it appeals directly to man
s
instinctive
,
chaotic emotions
and not to hisformally reasoning mind. Nietzsche believed that both forces were present in Greek tragedy, and that the true tragedy could only be produced by the tension between them.He used the names Apollonian and Dionysian for the two forces because Apollo, as the
sun-god
, represents light, clarity, and form, whereas Dionysus, as the
 wine-god
,represents drunkenness and ecstasy. (Walter Kaufmann,
 From Shakespeare to Existentialism: An Original Study
(Princeton University Press, 1959), pp. 207-8)Study Questions Answer all of the following.1. Give a concise summary of the story.2. Despite taking place in the Heian period, the story is very much about thecontemporary world in which
Ō
gai lived. Identify the major themes of the work and

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