GeneticallyenGineeredSalmon- FaSt-GrowinG Hype
Food & Water EuropeFood & Water Europe monitors thepractices o multinational corporationsthat impact our ood and water. Tey work with grasroots organizationsaround the world to create a genuinely economically and environmentally viable uture.
Te Development Fund (2013):Genetically Engineered Salmon – FastGrowing Hype. Brieng paper.
Te brieng paper isnanced by Norad andthe Norwegian Network or GMO-ree ood andeed.ISBN 978-82-91923-49-9 (Printed edition)ISBN 978-82-91923-50-5 (Digital edition)Imagine a sh growing twice as ast with less use o eed and with less environmentalimpact! It would be just what is needed to eed the world. Or is reality somewhatmore complicated? Te genetically engineered salmon rom the Americancompany AquaBounty is a textbook example o the typical hype surroundinggenetically modied organisms (GMOs). Tis brieng paper provides the simpleacts about this sh, which demonstrates serious risks to consumer health, animalwelare, shing economies and the environment. Even the claim about growthrates is questionable.Te AquaBounty salmon was the very rst animal to be patented in Norway, aerthe patenting o plants and animals was rst legalized in 2004. Te DevelopmentFund ghts patents on plants and animals because they threaten ood security. Itis illegal to do urther breeding using patented material. Patents are thus blockingthe cumulative process breeding actually is. Furthermore, it is also illegal to doindependent biosaety research on patented material.Rather than a technological quick x in order to meet the challenge o globalhunger, there is a need to increase investment in sustainable agroecologicalagriculture, where the needs and priorities o small scale ood providers are put inthe driving seat. No GMO can replace the need or robust systems or continuousplant and animal breeding. Tus, the sustainable use and conservation o geneticresources or ood and agriculture is a pivotal precondition or uture oodsecurity. GMOs, such as the AquaBounty salmon, put this at risk.Tis paper ocuses on the regulatory processes o AquaBounty Salmon in NorthAmerica. Te company has yet not applied or approval in the EU and Norway,where dierent regulatory regimes are in place, e.g. i a GMO is approved inEurope, it must be labeled. Te terms genetically engineered (GE) and genetically modied (GM) are used interchangeably in this report.Tis paper is part o the inormation campaign by the Norwegian Network orGMO-ree ood and eed nanced by the Ministry o Food and Agriculturein 2012. A special thanks to the author o this report, im Schwab, or greatcollaboration and impressive delivery in meeting our tight deadline.Oslo, January 2013
Foreword by The Development Fund
Andrew P. Kroglund
Head o Policy and InormationDepartment
Bell Batta orheim
Te Development Fund is registeredwith the Control Committee orFundraising in Norway.