Census in New Zealand – a brief history
The Treaty of Waitangi was signed in 1840. The first census in New Zealand wascarried out in 1851. In that year there were two provinces, New Ulster (the Aucklandarea) and New Munster (the rest of New Zealand). For the next census, in 1854,there were six provinces. Each province had its own government and carried out itsown census, at different times. It is difficult to get accurate information about thewhole country from those censuses.In 1877 provincial governments were abolished and one parliament, in Wellington,governed the whole country. This led to the first five-yearly census of the wholecountry in 1881. There were two occasions when no census was held. In 1931 thecensus was abandoned because the country was going through the Depression andthe government had reduced its number of public servants. In 1941 when so manypeople in New Zealand were involved in World War II, the census was postponeduntil the end of the war. The 1946 Census was moved to September 1945.It was not until 1951 that Māori were given the same census questionnaire as therest of the population. Then in 1996 the option of completing the form in Māori or English was introduced. Since 2006, New Zealanders have had the option of completing census forms over the Internet (both the individual and dwelling forms, inEnglish, Māori, or a combination of Māori and English).The 2013 Census will be held on Tuesday, 5 March 2013.
Do the ordering activity on the next page and then answer these questions.
1.Why do you think census day was changed from a Sunday to aTuesday?2.Why do you think they made the decision to cancel the censusduring the depression and the war?3.Why is the census held in March?
General history 1 www.stats.govt.nz/schools-corner-census