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Indo-European Etymological Dictionary - Indogermanisches Etymologisches Woerterbuch (J. Pokorny)

Indo-European Etymological Dictionary - Indogermanisches Etymologisches Woerterbuch (J. Pokorny)

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Indo-EuropeanEtymologicalDictionary-Indo-EuropeanEtymologicalDictionary-IndogermanischesEtymologischesIndogermanischesEtymologischesWoerterbuch(JPokorny)Woerterbuch(JPokorny)
Indo-EuropeanAssociation
•
Indo-EuropeanLanguageGrammar 
•
Proto-Indo-Europeanlexicon
•
Indo-EuropeanGrammar&Dictionary
•
Indo-Europeandictionary-translator 
•
Indo-EuropeanLinguistics
•
Indo-Europeanlanguages
•
Indo-EuropeanLanguagesForum
•
Indo-EuropeanLanguagesRevival
•
ModernIndo-Europeanlanguagelearning
Indo-EuropeanlanguagesofEurope
AProto-Indo-EuropeanLanguageLexicon,andanAProto-Indo-EuropeanLanguageLexicon,andanEtymologicalDictionaryofEarlyIndo-EuropeanEtymologicalDictionaryofEarlyIndo-EuropeanLanguagesLanguages
ThedatabaserepresentstheupdatedtextofJ.Pokorny's“IndogermanischesEtymologischesWörterbuch”,scannedandrecognizedbyGeorgeStarostin(Moscow),whohasalsoaddedthemeanings.ThedatabasewasfurtherrefurnishedandcorrectedbyA.Lubotsky.Pokorny'stextisgivenpracticallyunchanged(onlyafewobvioustyposwerecorrected),exceptforsomerearrangementofthematerial.Thenumbersinthelemmataaregivenaftertheroot(e.g.Pokorny's1.
bher- 
appearsas
bher-1
)becauseautomaticalphabetizationwouldotherwisetoomuchaffecttheorderofthelemmata.Root/lemma:Root/lemma:
abhro- abhro- 
(
*hebhro- *hebhro- 
)
 
Englishmeaning:Englishmeaning:strong,mightyGermanmeaning:Germanmeaning:'stark,heftig'Note:Note:TheRoot/lemma:Root/lemma:
apelo- apelo- 
::`strength'seemsrelatedtoRoot/lemma:Root/lemma:
abhro- abhro- 
(
*hebhro- *hebhro- 
)::`strong,mighty'[theshift
l
>rr 
].Material:Material:toMir.Prefix
abor- 
,cymr.
afr- 
`verymuch';got.
abrs 
`getstrong,violent',adv.
abraba 
`verymuch',
bi-abrjan 
`beforewereastonishedbesideoneself',aisl.Prefix
afar- 
`verymuch';ill.VNΑ῎βροι,thrak.PNΑ᾽βρο-.Maybeillyr.VNΑ῎βροι,thrak.PNΑ᾽βρο-:alb.(*Α῎βροι)
afronj 
`bringclose,squeeze',
afër 
`near'similartoformationsoflett.
blaîzît 
`squeeze,clash,hit':OldChurchSlavic
blizь 
,
blizъ 
Adv.`nigh,near'(eigentl.`adjacent').Heremaybegot.
aba 
(
n- 
stem)`husband'.NoteNote:Theroot
abhro- abhro- 
::'strong,mighty'isrelatedtothecultoffertilityhencethegoddessoflove,beautyandsexualrapture'ΑφροδίτηAphrodite'.ThenameofAphroditederivedfromGr.ἀφρός`seafoam'+Τι̄τα̃νες`titaness'.ThenameofAphroditeisalsorelatedtoRoot/lemma:Root/lemma:
abō(n) abō(n) 
::(ape,aquaticdemon)andtoRoot/lemma:Root/lemma:
abab
::(water,river)[seebelow].InGreekmythology,Aphroditeisthegoddessoflove,beautyandsexualrapture.AccordingtoHesiod,shewasbornwhenUranus(thefatherofthegods)wascastratedbyhissonCronus.Cronusthrewtheseveredgenitalsintotheoceanwhichbegantochurnandfoamaboutthem.Fromtheἀφρός`aphros("seafoam")'aroseAphrodite,andtheseacarriedhertoeitherCyprusorCythera.HencesheisoftenreferredtoasKyprisandCytherea.ThenameofAphroditeisrelatedtoPIERoot/lemma:Root/lemma:(
enebh-2 enebh-2 
):
nebh- nebh- 
,
embh- embh- 
,
m̥bh- m̥bh- 
::(wet,damp;water;clouds)OldIndian
abhrá- 
m.(
*m̥bhros 
),av.
awra- 
n.References:References:WP.I177,Feist1bf.,579a.,W.SchulzeKZ.52,311=Kl.Schr.398.Seealso:Seealso:
abh- 
Page(s):Page(s):2Root/lemma:Root/lemma:
abh- abh- 
(
*hebh- *hebh- 
)Englishmeaning:Englishmeaning:quick,abruptGermanmeaning:Germanmeaning:`rasch,heftig'Note:Note:alter
r/n- 
stemMaterial:Material:Gr.ἄφαρ`straightway,forthwith,atonce,quickly,presently'(oldabstractnoun
 
`quickness'),forwhat,nevertheless,probablyatfirstἄφνω,ἄφνως`suddenly'.HereatmostOldChurchSlavic
abьje 
`straightaway,directly',butuncertainlyOldIndian
ahnāya 
`directly,straightaway,instantly,speedily'(ratherto
áhar 
,
áhan- 
`day'p.7).References:References:WP.I177,Feist1bf.,579a.,W.SchulzeKZ.52,311=Kl.Schr.398.Seealso:Seealso:
abhro- 
Page(s):Page(s):2Root/lemma:Root/lemma:
abō(n) abō(n) 
(
*hebō- *hebō- 
)Englishmeaning:Englishmeaning:ape,*waterdemonGermanmeaning:Germanmeaning:`Affe'Note:Note:(kelt.neologism).TheanimalintroducedbytravelingmerchantscanhavebeennamedbytheCeltswiththenameofheraquaticdemon(seeabove
ab 
-).Material:Material:Hes.ἀβράναςΚελτοὶτοὺςκερκοπιθήκουςismaybeἀββάνας(Akk.Pl.)toreadandstillbeforetheconsonaticmutationinGerm.stubby;hence,in.
api 
m.`Monkey,gate',as.
apo 
,ahd.
affo 
m.,
affa 
,
affin 
f.,ags.
apa 
m.`Monkey',ačech.
opice 
comesaruss.
opica 
fromtheGerm.References:References:WP.I51f.Seealso:Seealso:compare
ab- 
`water'andSchraderReallex.,HoopsReallex.s.v.ape.Page(s):Page(s):2-3Root/lemma:Root/lemma:
abab
Englishmeaning:Englishmeaning:water,river Germanmeaning:Germanmeaning:`Wasser,Fluß'Note:FromRoot/lemma:Root/lemma:
akʷā- akʷā- 
(moreproperly
ǝkʷā ǝkʷā 
):
ēkʷ- ēkʷ- 
::`water,river'[throughtheshift
-gʷ->-b-,- kʷ->-p- 
attestedinGreek,IllyrianandCelticlanguages]derivedRoot/lemma:Root/lemma:
abab
::(water,river)andRoot/lemma:Root/lemma:
ā̆p-2 ā̆p-2 
::`water,river'.Material:Material:Lat.
amnis 
f.,latem.c(
*abnis 
);air.
ab 
(
*aba 
)Gen.
abae 
`river',besides
abann 
,cymr.
afon 
,orn.bret.
auon 
,gall.brit.FlN
Abona 
,derivedcymr.
afanc 
`beaver,waterdemon,dwarf',tomir.
abac 
(
*abankos 
)`beaver,dwarf',schweiz.-frz.
avañ 
`pasture'(
*abanko- 
);lett.FlN
Abava 
.TheWestGermanFlNin
-apa 
,nhd.
-affa 
,probablygobackpartlytousuallylostwestgerm.
*ap- 
(idg.
*ab- 
),partlyinven.-ill.
ap- 
(idg.
*ap- 
).rum.
apă 
`water'