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Renal Function Tests

Renal Function Tests

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Acute renal failure,chronic renal failure,Kidney function tests.
Acute renal failure,chronic renal failure,Kidney function tests.

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Physiology by Dr Raghuveer on Jan 30, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/30/2013

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 Acute Renal Failure
 ARF is the condition when kidneysuddenly fails to excrete water,electrolytes& waste products.
 
Causes of ARF
 Acute nephritis- immune complex
Damage to renal tissue by poisons likelead,mercury & carbon-tetrachloride
Renal ischemia which is developed duringciculatory shock
Severe transfusions reactions
Sudden fall in B.P. duringhaemorrhage,dirrhoea,severe burn,cholera
Blockage of ureter due to formation of calculi
 
Symptoms
Volume of urine out put is reduced (oligouria) & insevere condition
 –
 Anuria(stopage of urine formation)
Proteins +++ urine(proteinuria)-albumin++
RBC,WBC & casts +++urine
Retention of Na & water- edema, ECFV
Hypertension
 Acidosis
If the Patient is not treated in time ,the acidosisbecomes severe resulting in coma & death within 10to 15 days

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