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Published by: naren2380 on Jan 30, 2013
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What is SAP Landscape?
 By: KunalLandscape is like a server system or like a layout of the servers or some may even callit the architecture of the server viz. SAP is divided into three different landscapesDEV, QAS and PROD.
DEV would have multiple clients for ex: 190- Sandbox, 100- Golden, and 180-Unit Test.
QAS may again have multiple clients for ex: 300- Integration Test, 700 to 710Training.
PROD may have something like a 200 Production.These names and numbers are the implementer's discreet on how they want it or theyhave been using in their previous implementations or how is the client's businessscenario. Now whatever you do in the Sandbox doesn't affect the other servers or clients.Whenever you think you are satisfied with your configuration and you think you canuse it moving forward, you RE-DO it in the golden client (remember, this is a veryneat and clean client and you cannot use it for rough usage). As you re-do everythingthat you had thought was important and usable, you get a transport request pop upupon saving every time. You save it under a transport request and give your description to it. Thus the configuration is transported to the Unit Test client (180 inthis example).You don't run any transaction or even use the SAP Easy Access screen on the 100(golden) client. This is a configuration only client. Now upon a successful transport by the Basis guy, you have all the configuration in the Testing client, just as it is in theGolden client. The configuration remains in sync between these two clients.But in the Testing client you cannot even access SPRO (Display IMG) screen. It's atransaction only client where you perform the unit test. Upon a satisfactory unit test,you move the good configuration to the next SERVER (DEV). The incorrect or unsatisfactory configuration is corrected in Golden (may again as well be practiced inthe sandbox prior to Golden) and accordingly transported back to 180 (Unit Test) untilthe unit test affected by that particular configuration is satisfactory.The Golden client remains the 'database' (if you want to call it that) or you may rather call it the 'ultimate' reference client for all the good, complete and final configurationthat is being used in the implementation.
n summary:
 Landscape: is the arrangement for the serversIDES : is purely for education purpose and is NOT INCLUDED in the landscape.DEVELOPMENT ---> QUALITY ----> PRODUCTIONDEVELOPMENT: is where the consultants do the customization as per the company'srequirement.QUALITY: is where the core team members and other members test thecustomization.PRODUCTION: is where the live data of the company is recorded.A request will flow from Dev->Qual->Prod and not backwards.1.
Sandbox server: In the initial stages of any implementation project, you aregiven a sandbox server where you do all the configuration/customization as per the company¶s business process.2.
Development Server: - Once the BBP gets signed off, the configuration is doneis development server and saved in workbench requests, to be transported toProduction server.3.
Production Server: This is the last/ most refined client where the user will work after project GO LIVE. Any changes/ new development is done is developmentclient and the request is transported to production.These three are landscape of any Company. They organized their office in these threeways. Developer develops their program in Development server and then transports itto test server. In testing server tester check/test the program and then transport it toProduction Server. Later it will deploy to client from production server.
Presentation Server- Where SAP GUI has.
Application Server - Where SAP Installed.
Database Server - Where Database installed.
What is the meaning of "R" in R/3 systems?
 R/3 stands for real-time three tier architecture. This is the kind of architecture SAPR/3 system has.R/3 means three layers are installed in Different system/server and they are connectedwith each other.1)
Why do we call client 000 as golden client?
 Golden client contains all the configuration data and master data so some extent. Allthe configuration settings are done in golden clients and then moved to other clients.Hence this client acts as a master record for all transaction settings, hence the name"Golden Client".
mplementing SAP
 Implementing a package can be a traumatic affair for both the customer and thevendor. Get it wrong and the vendor may get paid late or have to resort to lawyers toget paid and tarnish their reputation. For the company the new package may notwork the way they expected, be late or cost a more than budgeted for and takemanagement will take their eye off running their business.Recently a client asked me what I would consider to be the five most important thingsone should consider before embarking on an implementation. This isn't a simplequestion, although there are many factors to think about after some consideration for me the top five are way ahead of the others.My top five factors to consider would be:1. Set up a Project Board,2. Secure the resources,3. Complete the GAP Analysis,4. Have detailed Cut Over Plans,5. Train the users.Taking each one in turn:

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