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vr1047 er 7

vr1047 er 7

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Published by Mike Stewart

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Published by: Mike Stewart on Jan 30, 2013
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01/30/2013

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APPENDIX B
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
 
 
Glossary of Terms
 Air Barrier:
Materials and components that by themselves or collectively controlthe flow of air through an assembly and thus limit the potential for heatloss and condensation due to air movement.
 Air leakage:
The uncontrolled flow of air through a building envelope or acomponent of a building envelope as a result of a pressure difference.
 Architect of record:
The architect who was responsible to ensure that the original designand the original construction of certain components of the building(including the building envelope) conformed to the applicable buildingcode. The components which fall into the Architect of record’s area of responsibility are indicated in the appropriate Building Code.
 Authority Having  Jurisdiction:
The governmental body responsible fort the enforcement of the BritishColumbia Building Code or the Vancouver Building By-Law.
 Building Envelope:
Referred to as environmental separator in Building codes, includes allthe components of the surrounding building structures such as walls,ceilings and floors that separate the indoor environment from theoutdoor environment.
 Building Paper:
Refers to asphalt impregnated sheet material that creates a water shedding surface between the cladding and the sheathing.
Capillary action:
The process of water movement through materials with tiny pores.
Cladding:
Refers to a material or component of the wall assembly, which formsthe outer surface of the wall, and is exposed to the environment.
Clerestory:
Upper parts of walls above the main roof pierced with windows toallow light to penetrate.
 Deflection:
Refers to a water management principle that utilizes features of the building and assembly geometry to limit the exposure of theassemblies to rain.
 
 
 Dew point:
The temperature at which a given air/water vapour mixture is saturatedwith vapour water (that is, 100 per cent relative humidity). If air is incontact with a surface below this temperature, condensation will formon the surface.
 Diffusion:
The movement of water vapour through materials (including air) andcaused by a difference in vapour pressure. It is dependent on air movement.
 Equilibrium moistureContent:
The percentage of moisture in the wood or Gypsum wall board when itreaches a state of equilibrium with the immediate environment. This isalways fluctuating and depends on the relative humidity.
Gypsum wall board:
A sheet of gypsum which is sandwiched between a backingcomponent. The backing component can be either paper based or glass based. Paper faced gypsum wall board is more susceptible to water damage than glass faced gypsum wall board.
 Fibre saturation point:
The point at which the cell walls are saturated with water but the cellcavities are empty, usually about 28 per cent.
 House WrapOr Building Wrap:
Refers to a sheet plastic material which is used as a breather-typesheathing membrane, generally between the wall sheathing materialand the exterior cladding. Although at one time used as a proprietaryterm, house wrap is now used to represent a generic group of materials.One common type of house wrap consists of Spun-Bonded Polyolefin(SBPO), another is made of Spun-Bonded Polypropylene.
 Humidistat:
A control which turns on a (usually bathroom) fan when the ambientrelative humidity reaches a pre-set level. This device is used to helpcontrol interior condensation.
 Moisture barrier:
Any material that is used to retard the passage or flow of moisture intothe assembly, thus preventing condensation.
 Moisture content (MC):
The amount of water in a material such as wood or Gypsum WallBoard, expressed as a percentage of the oven-dry weight of thematerial.

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