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Embeded 4

Embeded 4

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Published by ahamed

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Published by: ahamed on Feb 13, 2009
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08/31/2014

 
 Module1
Introduction
Version 2 EE IIT, Kharagpur1
 
 
Lesson4
Embedded SystemsComponents Part II
Version 2 EE IIT, Kharagpur2
 
Overview on ComponentsInstructional Objectives
After going through this lesson the student would
 
Overview of the following
 
o
 
Processors
 
o
 
Memory
 
o
 
Input/Output Devices
 
Pre-Requisite
Digital Electronics, MicroprocessorsYou are now almost familiar with the various components of an embedded system. In thischapter we shall discuss some of the general components such as
 
Processors
 
Memory
 
Input/Out Devices
Processors
The central processing unit is the most important component in an embedded system. It exists inan integrated manner along with memory and other peripherals. Depending on the type of applications the processors are broadly classified into 3 major categories1.
 
General Purpose Microprocessors2.
 
Microcontrollers3.
 
Digital Signal ProcessorsFor more specific applications customized processors can also be designed. Unless the demand ishigh the design and manufacturing cost of such processors will be high. Therefore, in most of theapplications the design is carried out using already available processors in the market. However,the Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA) can be used to implement simple customizedprocessors easily. An FPGA is a type of logic chip that can be programmed. They supportthousands of gates which can be connected and disconnected like an EPROM (ErasableProgrammable Read Only Memory). They are especially popular for prototyping integratedcircuit designs. Once the design is set, hardwired chips are produced for faster performance.
General Purpose Processors
A general purpose processor is designed to solve problems in a large variety of applications asdiverse as communications, automotive and industrial embedded systems. These processors areVersion 2 EE IIT, Kharagpur3

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