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itmk52vwxkgyuhyol36

itmk52vwxkgyuhyol36

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Published by mohsin

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Published by: mohsin on Feb 13, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/25/2012

 
azlanfka/utm05/mab1053
1
Bridge Substructure
Abutments
MAB1053 Bridge Engineering
Faculty of Civil Engineering, UTM
 
azlanfka/utm05/mab1053
2
 
Subtructures
Substructures may be classified as‘endsupports’or ‘intermediate supports’,according to their position along a bridge.
End supports can be
abutment
walls withassociatedwing wallsfor closed side spans, andeither skeleton abutments or bank seatsfor bridges with open side spans.
Intermediate supports are thepiersandcolumns  in all bridges with more than one span.
 
azlanfka/utm05/mab1053
3
 
Bridge Abutments
Current practice is to make decks integral withthe abutments. The objective is to avoid the useof joints over abutments and piers.
Expansion joints are prone to leak and allow theingress of corrosion agents into the bridge deckand substructure.
In general all bridges are made continuous over intermediate supports and decks under 6m longwith skews not exceeding 30° are made integralwith their abutments.

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