Q : What is mean by Symmentric Multiprocessing (SMP)?
A : SMP treats all the processors as equal. Any processor can do the work of any other processor. Applications are divided into the threads that can run concurrently on any availableprocessor. Any processor in the pool can run the OS kernel and execute user-written threads.
Q : What’s a Web server?
A : This new model of Client/Server consists of thin, portable, "universal" clients that talk to thesuper fat servers. In the simplest form, a web server returns the documents when clients ask for them by name. The clients and server communicate using an RPC-like protocol called HTTP.
Q : What are the functions of the typical server program?
A : Typical server program waits for the client-initiated requests. Executes many requests at thesame time. Takes care of VIP clients first. Initiates and runs background task activity. Keepsrunning. Grown bigger and faster.
Q : What is meant by AMP?
A : Asymmetric Multi processing imposes hierarchy and a division of labor among theprocessors. Only one designated processor, the master, controls (in a tightly coupledarrangement) slave processors dedicated to specific functions.
Q : What means by 3-Tier architecture?
A : In 3-tier Client/Server systems are the application logic (or process) lives in the middle tier andit is separated from the data and the user interface. In theory, the 3-tier Client/Server systems aremore scalable, robust and flexible.Example: TP monitor, Web.
Q : What means by 2-Tier architecture?
A : In 2-tier Client/Server systems are the application logic is either burried inside the user interface on the client or within the database on the server.Example: File servers and Database servers with stored procedures.
Q : What is passive topology?
A : In a Passive topology when the computers on the network simply listen and receive the signal,they are referred to as passive because they do not amplify the signal in any way.Example - linear bus.
Q : What’s the Protocol Data Unit?
A : The data unit in the LLC level is called the protocol data unit (PDU). The PDU contains thefour fields a destination service access point (DSAP), a source service access the point (SSAP),a control field and an information field. DSAP, SSAP are addresses used by the LLC to identifythe protocol stacks on the receiving and sending machines that are generating and using thedata. The control field specifies whether the PDU frame is a information frame (I - frame) or asupervisory frame (S - frame) or a unnumbered frame (U - frame).
Q : What are major types of networks and explain it?
A : There are two major types of networks,• Server-based network.• Peer-to-peer network.Peer-to-peer network, computers can act as both servers sharing resources and as clients usingthe resources.Server-based networks provide centralized control of network resources and rely on server computers to provide security and network administration.