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Research Paper

Research Paper

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Published by Ebi Jombai

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Published by: Ebi Jombai on Jan 31, 2013
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Kory Floyd, P. M. (2010). State and Trait Affectionate Communication Buffer Adults' Stree Reactions.
Routledge Taylor & Francis Group
, 77, 618-636.
Review of Literature
The success of physical health is aggravated by stress. Social scientists have studied theeffects and relationship between mental health and physical well-being. Affectionatecommunication is correlated with the safety of endocrine health. Also a lack of thiscommunication has been traced to increased probabilities for psychosomatic illness (Komisaruk & Whipple, 1998), psychological and physical distress (Schwartz & Russek, 1998).The benefitsof affection exchange has shown to accelerate endocrine recovery. Research conducted in thisarticle is parted in two ways. Firstly, ability of affectionate reactions in state and trait forms.Secondly, theories involved with predictions about stress- buffering outcomes of affectionatecommunication in personal relationships (K. Floyd, 2010).Stress and the Stress Response
Stress is anything that threatens a person’s physical, biological, emotional or financial
success. Researchers have noticed the human body responds physiologically to any perceivedthreat to its safety. The target of this present study is the role of the oxytocinergic system instress in stress reactions. Oxytocin plays an important role in the reproductive process, initiatinguterine contractions and stimulating the milk let-down reflex (See Uvnas-Moberg, 2003). Bothmales and females also sense increases in circulating oxytocin at sexual orgasm. The main aim of the present study is the function of oxytocinergic system in stress reactivity. Floyd has found thatboth sexes also experience increase in circulating oxytocin at sexual organism in response tophysical exchange of affection. Evidence regarding this has proven inconsistent from 2 majorexperiments the author conducted. The results concluded that increased levels of oxytocin buffer
the body’s stress response
. (Kory Floyd, 2010)Theoretic CommitmentsThere are three theories outlined in this study below;Stress- Buffering hypothesis states that relational partner minimizes reactions to acutestressors (Cohen &Wills, 1985). It indicates that the buffering effects of received emotional ortangible support are particularly essential when the results of multiple stressors accumulate. Thistheory proposed deleterious effects on total health including increased risk for heart disease andimmune dysregulation.Affection Exchange Theory states the ability to effectively communicate affectionatefeelings or behavior between individuals. This study says it increases the probability of survivaland contract to potential mating partners
Tend-and- befriend TheoryTBT proposes
that females’ primary concern is to ensure the safety their offspring
(Taylor at al., 2000). Befriend behaviors examines how females to associate with social networksin response to relationships and correlates with stress levels.Affectionate Communication and Stress ResponsePhysiological effects of stress are erased by affectionate messages. Affectionatecommunication is a stress absorber. Floyd conducted a research and found affectionatecommunication was negatively associated with the magnitude of cortisol change.
Hypotheses and Research Question
Both AET and TBT make predictions about the role of oxytocin in behavior: AETpredicts that the release of oxytocin is associated with the expression of affection (as part of the
 body’s physiological reward system). TBT estimates that oxytocin increases in response to
stressful event (to induce calm and promote tending and befriending behavior). (Kory Floyd,2010)H1: Trait affectionate communication directly predicts oxytocinergic reactivity tostressors.H2: State affectionate communication directly predicts oxytocinergic reactivity tostressors.RQ 1: State affectionate communication directly predicts oxytocinergic reactivity tostressors
Samples of 100 adults of both sexes were used in the study. Their ages ranged from 18 to55years. 26 percent of them were Asian/pacific Islander, 8 percent were Hispanic, and 3 percentwere African American and 3 percent from other ethnic groups. The procedure includedrecruitment and prescreening with a total of 281 prospective participants. Both genders wererepresented among the participants and completed a questionnaire to be qualified for the study.There were nine criteria the participant had to fulfill to qualify. 18 years and older, no medicalhistory no current use of alpha or beta blockers, steroids or anticoagulants, also no current breastfeeding or pregnant women etc.Other steps of the procedure include; laboratory procedures and instrumentation, Stressinduction, Cold pressor test, Stroop color-word test, Mental arithmetic challenge, Videos of marital conflict and Biochemical collection.
Floyd conducted manipulation checks which concluded that stress inductions led to asignificant decrease in positive affect and significant increases in negative affect, self-reportedstress, and salivary cortisol.

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