Tend-and- befriend TheoryTBT proposes
that females’ primary concern is to ensure the safety their offspring
(Taylor at al., 2000). Befriend behaviors examines how females to associate with social networksin response to relationships and correlates with stress levels.Affectionate Communication and Stress ResponsePhysiological effects of stress are erased by affectionate messages. Affectionatecommunication is a stress absorber. Floyd conducted a research and found affectionatecommunication was negatively associated with the magnitude of cortisol change.
Hypotheses and Research Question
Both AET and TBT make predictions about the role of oxytocin in behavior: AETpredicts that the release of oxytocin is associated with the expression of affection (as part of the
body’s physiological reward system). TBT estimates that oxytocin increases in response to
stressful event (to induce calm and promote tending and befriending behavior). (Kory Floyd,2010)H1: Trait affectionate communication directly predicts oxytocinergic reactivity tostressors.H2: State affectionate communication directly predicts oxytocinergic reactivity tostressors.RQ 1: State affectionate communication directly predicts oxytocinergic reactivity tostressors
Samples of 100 adults of both sexes were used in the study. Their ages ranged from 18 to55years. 26 percent of them were Asian/pacific Islander, 8 percent were Hispanic, and 3 percentwere African American and 3 percent from other ethnic groups. The procedure includedrecruitment and prescreening with a total of 281 prospective participants. Both genders wererepresented among the participants and completed a questionnaire to be qualified for the study.There were nine criteria the participant had to fulfill to qualify. 18 years and older, no medicalhistory no current use of alpha or beta blockers, steroids or anticoagulants, also no current breastfeeding or pregnant women etc.Other steps of the procedure include; laboratory procedures and instrumentation, Stressinduction, Cold pressor test, Stroop color-word test, Mental arithmetic challenge, Videos of marital conflict and Biochemical collection.
Floyd conducted manipulation checks which concluded that stress inductions led to asignificant decrease in positive affect and significant increases in negative affect, self-reportedstress, and salivary cortisol.