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MATHEMATICAL MODEL TO SIMULATE THE CONTACT BETWEEN A BALL AND TWO ELASTIC RACEWAYS

# MATHEMATICAL MODEL TO SIMULATE THE CONTACT BETWEEN A BALL AND TWO ELASTIC RACEWAYS

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The quasi static parameters (PQs) are function of the internal geometry and the elasticity parameters of the raceway elasticity. A mathematical model is developed to describe the raceway boundary conditions influences in the PQs evolution.

The quasi static parameters (PQs) are function of the internal geometry and the elasticity parameters of the raceway elasticity. A mathematical model is developed to describe the raceway boundary conditions influences in the PQs evolution.

Published by: daniel rezmires on Feb 01, 2013

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7+(\$11\$/62)81,9(56,7<³'81Ă5(\$'(-26³2)*\$/\$ğ,
FASCICLE VIII, TRIBOLOGY2011(XVII)Issue 2ISSN 1221-4590
59
MATHEMATICAL MODEL TO SIMULATE THE CONTACT BETWEENA BALL AND TWO ELASTIC RACEWAYS
DanielREZMIRES*, Alfredo MONFARDINI**, Cezar RACOCEA***
*S.C. SIRCA S.A, Piatra Neamt, ROMANIA, drezmir@hotmail.com** RIMA Spa, Italy***
Gheorghe Asachi
Technical UniversityofIasi. Romania
ABSTRACT
The quasi static parameters (PQs) are function of the internal geometry and theelasticity parameters of the raceway elasticity. A mathematical model is developed todescribe the raceway boundary conditions influences in the PQs evolution.
KEYWORDS
: Elastic raceways, Quasi Static Analysis, 2, 3 or 4 Point Contact Ball -raceway, Boundaryconditions.
INTRODUCTION
The 2, 3 or 4 point contact ball bearings with rigidrings were analyzed for example in [1]. The major partof the algorithms developed for PQS analysis does nottakes into account the rings shape and the boundaryconditions. For example in the large ball bearing thefixation system and the Raceway Elasticity Effect (REE)which modify the “standard” load distribution shape. Toa generally analysis we assume a section form a 4PCBBstructure with rigid rings, according to [1]. In order totake into account the REE influence, two supplementaryequilibrium equations have to be introduced. In theseconditions afour equations system is written to ball,having as unknown’s ball center mass displacement (2 parameters) and the rings displacement (2 parameters).
EQUILIBRIUM EQUATIONS TODESCRIBE THE PQS AS FUNCTION OFREE
The mathematical model developed to writethefour equilibrium equations uses the relativedisplacement of center mass ball versus the curvaturecentre of the raceway. Figure 1 shows the maingeometrical elements, where OR is the “Outer Ring”and “IR” represents the inner ring.At a level section form the 4PCBB structure wereconsidered the displacement vector according to fig. 2.According to [1] the structure can be transformedin a 2 or 3 point contact.Fig.1. PhysicalmodelFig.2. The displacement vectorsThe mathematical model is described for a 4PCBB-24 structure using the following notations:
w4oe
OPl
,
w2oi
OPl
and
D
is the initial contact angle. As effect of the IR displacement and the IR and OR elasticity the localcontact deformations are given as:

7+(\$11\$/62)81,9(56,7<³'81Ă5(\$'(-26³2)*\$/\$ğ,
FASCICLE VIII, TRIBOLOGY2011(XVII)Issue 2ISSN 1221-4590
60
 
oe22
l...B...Aze,uz,uxe
'G
oi22
l...D...C,a,zi,uz,uxi
GG'G
where:
x
zeuzcos.lxe,uzA
oe
'D' x
uxsin.luxB
oe
D
x
uxasin.lux,aC
oi
GDG x
ziuzcos.luz,,ziD
oi
'GDG'
The contact angle becomes :
¸¸ ¹ ·¨¨© § D
(...)A(...)Btana...e and
¸¸ ¹ ·¨¨© § D
(...)D(...)Ctana...i
The OR rigidity is noted KKe and the IR rigidityis noted as KKi. The two parameters (KKe and KKi)are functions of the rings width (W), length (L) and thethickness (G). According to the material resistancetheory in a bending case:
e,ie,i 3e,ie,i e,i
I.E.3 L.Qr z
'
, hence
e,ie,ie,i
KK .zQr
'
. Using the Hertz relations betweenload and deformation, the equilibrium equations are:
 
°°°¯°°°®-DG DGDG 'DG 'DG ''
QA...isin...i.Kpi0 ...esin...e.Kei...isin...i.Kpi0 zi.KKi...icos...i.Kpi0 ze.KKe...ecos...e.Kpe0 zi.KKize.KKe0
5.15.15.1 5.15.1
where:QA represents the axial load; Qr
i,e
represents theradial component of the normal contact load; Kpe andKpi are the contact rigidity ball-raceways correspondingto the OR and IR rings respectively.
NUMERICAL EXAMPLESFOR A SECTION
To show the PQs evoution as function of the REEthe following input parameters were considered:Structure type4PCBB-24Radial clearanceJd0 mmBall diameterDw5 mmAxial LoadQa20 NInitial contact angle
D
G
0Virtual pitch diameterDm1000To approximate the KK
i,e
parameters the OR andIR widths are equals with Dw and the OR and IR lengths are equals with 20 mm. The variable parametersin analisys are the raceway’s thickness and theconformities, according to Table 1. For all cases formTable 1 the IR height variation is between [3…15] mm.Table 1. Variable uses in the analysis.CaseGE, mm1150,522150,55350,52450,55Figures3 to 6 showthe evolution of the PQs asfunction ofREE.
0204060801001203 5 7 9 11 13 15GE=5, f=0.55GE=15, f=0.55GE=5, f=0.52GE=15, f=0.52
Fig 3. Load contact versus IR heigth [N and mm]
05101520253035403 5 7 9 11 13 15GE=5, f=0.55GE=15, f=0.55GE=5, f=0.52GE=15, f=0.52
Fig.4. Contact angle versus IR heigth, [deg and mm]

7+(\$11\$/62)81,9(56,7<³'81Ă5(\$'(-26³2)*\$/\$ğ,
FASCICLE VIII, TRIBOLOGY2011(XVII)Issue 2ISSN 1221-4590
61
00.050.10.150.20.253 5 7 9 11 13 15GE=5, f=0.55GE=15, f=0.55GE=5, f=0.52GE=15, f=0.52
Fig.5.
G
a evolution versus IR heigth [mm and mm]
-0.00500.0050.010.0150.020.0250.030.0350.040.0453 5 7 9 11 13 15GE=5, f=0.55GE=15, f=0.55GE=5, f=0.52GE=15, f=0.52
Fig.6.
'
zi evolution versus IR heigth, [mm and mm]Fig. 7. Profiled slewing ringsC.ZT -seriesC.DI-seriesC.DE-seriesU.ND-series

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