Mujeebu Rahman Vazhakkunnan
Science does not make normal judgment on facts. It does not say they are good or bad.Science aims at nothing but making true and adequate statements about its objects.
Scientists try to find out the commonality of a series of events. They aim at discovering theuniformity. Scientist is consistently engaged to discover the thread of uniformity under thelevel of diversity. From this logical thread of uniformity a pattern of generalization isformulated.
The findings of a research should be verifiable. Scientist must make others aware of how hearrived at his conclusions or his findings undergoing critical scrutiny. When others test hisconclusion under the same conditions, the result will be the same, and then it is accepted ascorrect.
g. Logical reasoning process
The scientific method involves the logical process of reasoning. This reasoning process isused for drawing inference from the findings of a study or for arriving at conclusion. Thislogical reasoning process consists of induction and deduction.
Steps in Scientific Method a. Define the problem:
Any scientific enquiry starts with a particular or theoretical question. Such question isworthy to be studied through the method of scientific enquiry.
b. Review of literature:
Second important step of scientific method is study of related literature. It would bewaste of time to repeat the findings of others scholars. It is better to conduct a detailed surveyto know whatever research has been done on this particular problem under study.
c. Formulate the hypotheses:
The third and important step in scientific enquiry is to develop one or more formal propositions which can be tested.
d. Plan the Research Design:
Any action need appropriate plan. It is necessary to make an outline about what is to be studied, what data will be sought, and where and how they will be collected, processedand analyzed.
e. Data collection:
Next step is collecting data in accordance with the objectives of the study. ResearchDesign provide proper tool for data collection. It is determined by the style of approach.Different tools are designed to meet some unforeseen difficulties.
f. Data Analysis:
Classifying, tabulating, comparing data and making necessary tests and computationswhich helps to find out the results come under this step.
g. Draw conclusion:
After careful examination of the findings of the study, researcher draws conclusion tothe problem. It enables the researcher to check whether the original hypothesis can beconfirmed or rejected? What has the study added to our knowledge etc?
Objectivity in Social Sciences
Objectivity means a quality of mind such that the investigator is enabled to discern thetrue properties of the phenomenon being studies by remaining free from bias or prejudices. Itis the ability view things objectively or the ability to perceive or describe something without