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Table Of Contents

Introduction: Probability and Statistics
1.1 Some Important Terms
Basic Probability
2.1 Fundamental Concepts
2.2 Basic Rules of Combining Probabilities
2.2.1 Addition Rule
2.2.2 Multiplication Rule
2.3 Permutations and Combinations
2.4 More Complex Problems: Bayes’ Rule
Descriptive Statistics: Summary Numbers
3.1 Central Location
3.2 Variability or Spread of the Data
3.3 Quartiles, Deciles, Percentiles, and Quantiles
3.4 Using a Computer to Calculate Summary Numbers
Grouped Frequencies and Graphical Descriptions
4.1 Stem-and-Leaf Displays
4.2 Box Plots
4.3 Frequency Graphs of Discrete Data
4.4 Continuous Data: Grouped Frequency
4.5 Use of Computers
Probability Distributions of Discrete Variables
5.1 Probability Functions and Distribution Functions
(a) Probability Functions
(b) Cumulative Distribution Functions
5.2 Expectation and Variance
(a) Expectation of a Random Variable
(b) Variance of a Discrete Random Variable
(c) More Complex Problems
5.3 Binomial Distribution
(a) Illustration of the Binomial Distribution
(b) Generalization of Results
(c) Application of the Binomial Distribution
(d) Shape of the Binomial Distribution
(e) Expected Mean and Standard Deviation
(f) Use of Computers
(g) Relation of Proportion to the Binomial Distribution
(h) Nested Binomial Distributions
(i) Extension: Multinomial Distribution
5.4 Poisson Distribution
(a) Calculation of Poisson Probabilities
(b) Mean and Variance for the Poisson Distribution
(c) Approximation to the Binomial Distribution
(d) Use of Computers
5.5 Extension: Other Discrete Distributions
(b) Fitting a Binomial Distribution
(c) Fitting a Poisson Distribution
Probability Distributions of Continuous Variables
6.1 Probability from the Probability Density Function
6.2 Expected Value and Variance
6.3 Extension: Useful Continuous Distributions
6.4 Extension: Reliability
The Normal Distribution
7.1 Characteristics
7.2 Probability from the Probability Density Function
7.3 Using Tables for the Normal Distribution
7.4 Using the Computer
7.5 Fitting the Normal Distribution to Frequency Data
7.6 Normal Approximation to a Binomial Distribution
7.8 Transformation of Variables to Give a Normal Distribution
Sampling and Combination of Variables
8.1 Sampling
8.2 Linear Combination of Independent Variables
8.3 Variance of Sample Means
Statistical Inferences for the Mean
9.1 Inferences for the Mean when Variance Is Known
9.1.1 Test of Hypothesis
9.1.2 Confidence Interval
9.2.1 Confidence Interval Using the t-distribution
9.2.3 Comparison of Sample Means Using Unpaired Samples
9.2.4 Comparison of Paired Samples
Statistical Inferences for Variance and Proportion
10.1 Inferences for Variance
10.1.2 Comparing Two Sample Variances
10.2.2 Test of Hypothesis for Proportion
10.2.3 Confidence Interval for Proportion
10.2.4 Extension
Introduction to Design of Experiments
11.1 Experimentation vs. Use of Routine Operating Data
11.2 Scale of Experimentation
11.3One-factor-at-a-time vs. Factorial Design
11.4 Replication
11.5 Bias Due to Interfering Factors
(a) Some Examples of Interfering Factors
(b) Preventing Bias by Randomization
(c) Obtaining Random Numbers Using Excel
(d) Preventing Bias by Blocking
11.6 Fractional Factorial Designs
Introduction to Analysis of Variance
12.1 One-way Analysis of Variance
12.2 Two-way Analysis of Variance
12.3 Analysis of Randomized Block Design
12.4 Concluding Remarks
Chi-squared Test for Frequency Distributions
13.1 Calculation of the Chi-squared Function
13.2 Case of Equal Probabilities
13.3 Goodness of Fit
13.4 Contingency Tables
Regression and Correlation
14.1 Simple Linear Regression
14.2 Assumptions and Graphical Checks
14.3 Statistical Inferences
14.4 Other Forms with Single Input or Regressor
14.5 Correlation
14.6 Extension: Introduction to Multiple Linear Regression
Appendices
Appendix A: Tables
Appendix D: Answers to Some of the Problems
Engineering Problem-Solver Index
Index
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Published by: Rana Samiullah Khan on Feb 01, 2013
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08/03/2014

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