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CIA Fact Book - Antigua and Barbuda

CIA Fact Book - Antigua and Barbuda

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Published by Bennet Kelley
CIA Fact Book Summary
CIA Fact Book Summary

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Published by: Bennet Kelley on Feb 01, 2013
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2/1/13https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_ac.htmlhttps://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_ac.html1/14
Background:The Siboney were the first people to inhabit the islands of Antigua and Barbuda in 2400 B.C., butArawak Indians populated the islands when COLUMBUS landed on his second voyage in 1493.Early Spanish and French settlements were succeeded by an English colony in 1667. Slavery,established to run the sugar plantations on Antigua, was abolished in 1834. The islands became anindependent state within the British Commonwealth of Nations in 1981.Location:Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east-southeast of Puerto RicoGeographic coordinates:17 03 N, 61 48 WMap references:Central America and theCaribbeanArea:total: 442.6 sq km (Antigua 280 sq km; Barbuda 161 sq km)country comparison to the world:201land: 442.6 sq kmwater: 0 sq km
note:
includes Redonda, 1.6 sq kmArea - comparative:2.5 times the size of Washington, DCLand boundaries:Central America and Caribbean 
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Antigua and Barbudapage last updated on January 14, 2013 Introduction::Antigua and BarbudaGeography::Antigua and Barbuda
 
2/1/13https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_ac.htmlhttps://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_ac.html2/14
0 kmCoastline:153 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 12 nmcontiguous zone: 24 nmexclusive economic zone: 200 nmcontinental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental marginClimate:tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variationTerrain:mostly low-lying limestone and coral islands, with some higher volcanic areasElevation extremes:lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 mhighest point: Boggy Peak 402 mNatural resources:NEGL; pleasant climate fosters tourismLand use:arable land: 18.18%permanent crops: 4.55%other: 77.27% (2005)Irrigated land:1.3 sq kmTotal renewable water resources:0.1 cu km (2000)Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):total: 0.005 cu km/yr (60%/20%/20%)per capita: 63 cu m/yr (1990)Natural hazards:hurricanes and tropical storms (July to October); periodic droughtsEnvironment - current issues:water management - a major concern because of limited natural freshwater resources - is furtherhampered by the clearing of trees to increase crop production, causing rainfall to run off quicklyEnvironment - international agreements:party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification,Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, MarineDumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whalingsigned, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
 
2/1/13https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_ac.htmlhttps://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_ac.html3/14
Geography - note:Antigua has a deeply indented shoreline with many natural harbors and beaches; Barbuda has a largewestern harborNationality:noun: Antiguan(s), Barbudan(s)adjective: Antiguan, BarbudanEthnic groups:black 91%, mixed 4.4%, white 1.7%, other 2.9% (2001 census)Languages:English (official), local dialectsReligions:Protestant 76.4% (Anglican 25.7%, Seventh-Day Adventist 12.3%, Pentecostal 10.6%, Moravian10.5%, Methodist 7.9%, Baptist 4.9%, Church of God 4.5%), Roman Catholic 10.4%, otherChristian 5.4%, other 2%, none or unspecified 5.8% (2001 census)Population:89,018 (July 2012 est.)country comparison to the world:198Age structure:0-14 years: 25.2% (male 11,413/ female 11,059)15-64 years: 67.8% (male 28,141/ female 32,210)65 years and over: 7% (male 2,674/ female 3,521) (2012 est.)population pyramid:Median age:total: 30.6 yearsmale: 28.9 yearsfemale: 32 years (2012 est.)Population growth rate:1.276% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world:92Birth rate:16.19 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)country comparison to the world:124Death rate:5.72 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)country comparison to the world:171Net migration rate:2.29 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)People and Society::Antigua and Barbuda

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