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The Life of Prophet Muhammad Volume 3

The Life of Prophet Muhammad Volume 3

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Published by siraaj18
Al-Sira al-Nabawiyya by Ibn Kathir Translated by Professor Trevour Le Gassick and Reviewed by Dr.Ahmed Fareed ... a Detailed accounts of the Life of Prophet Muhammad PBUH
Al-Sira al-Nabawiyya by Ibn Kathir Translated by Professor Trevour Le Gassick and Reviewed by Dr.Ahmed Fareed ... a Detailed accounts of the Life of Prophet Muhammad PBUH

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Published by: siraaj18 on Feb 02, 2013
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06/04/2013

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INTRODUCTION
THE
work at hand in its original Arabic is, in a sense, the product of two minds:the author himself, Abn d--Fi$a' qmad al-Din Isma'il b. Wmar h. Kathir,' and,to a lesser extent, its editor, Mugaf~Abd d-W&id. In his introduction to theArabic, 'Ahd al-Wshid points out that this work is in fact the culmination of asearch for a biography of the Prophet Muhammad to which Ibn Kathir makesreferenceinhis celebrated exegesis of the Qur'm. There is, however, no extantcopy of any such independent biographical study traceable to Ibn Kathir. Thatsuch a study did exist is questionable, notwithstanding Ibn Kathir's own allusionthereto. Given the unavailability of this particular work, 'Abd al-Wahid offersthe theory that the biographyin question is none other than that which appears
in
Ihn Kathir's chief work, his opus on history, the
al-B~dzyama al-NzhzYa?
Heargues that the
sira
section of the latter work is so comprehensive in its analysisof the life and times of the Prophet Muhammad as to almost obviate the need forany independent study of the same topic. The biography at hand, therefore,
is
thesame
as
found in the
al-Bdiya.
Nevertheless, 'Ahd al-W*id must
be
commendedfor the not inconsiderable task of editing and publishing this particular section asan independent unit, and appropriately titlimg it
al-Sira al-Nabamiyya li IbnKathir.
Ibn Kathir, whose ancestors are said to have been from Iraq, was himselfborn around the year
1313
c~/700
AH
in the Boesra district of easternDamascus. He died 74 years later, shortly after suffering a total loss of vision.He counts as his tutors such illustrious personages as the eminent historianShams &Din al-Dhahahi, the Mdiki jurist Abn Mass al-Qarnfi, and the cele-brated Damascene polemicist and jurist Ibn Taymiyya al-Harrmi.Ibn Kathir's was an era of the great political and social upheavals that posedmany challenges to the Muslim world at large, and in particular, to its scholars.What with the scourge of the Tartars threatening the very existence of Islam
as
asocio-political entity from the outside and the sectarian and ethnic strife createdby the Mamluk revolution doing much the same from within, Ibn Kathir and his
1. According
to
R.
Y.
Curtis,
Authoritative
Interpretation
of Clll~~icnl
slamic
Tafsr: Critical
Analysis
of
Ibn
Karhir's Tafdr al-Qu+& al-CA@m.
Unpublished dissertation. (Ann Arbor:University of Michigan, 1989) (21), classical bibliographers have cited Ibn Kathir's name in morethan one way. Al-Dhahabi for instance,
in
the supplement to his bibliography,
Dhayl Tadhkirat al-Huff&,
gives Ibn Kathir's name
as
IsmnW b. Umar
b.
Kathir b. Daw
b.
Kathir b.
Zar'.
Otherversions have ken
given,
however, such
as
appears
in
al-Zirikli's
al-A%nr
(1: 320) and 'Umar Rid%Kahhnla's
Muyam
al-Mdollifn
(1: 28).2. According to
C.
Brockelman in his
Gerchichte
dcr
Arabischen Lireranrr
ii. 49, this historicalwork of Ibn Kathir is itself based on at-Bimli's chronicle. For more information see also, IbnHadjar at-Asqahi,
al-Durar al-Kzmina
(Cod. Vienna, no. 1172).
 
CENTER FOR MUSLIMCONTRIBUTION
TO
CIVILIZATION
H.E.
Sheikh Muhammad bin Hamad al-ThaniChairman of the Board of TrusteesProfessor Osman Sid-Ahmad Ismail al-BiliGeneral Supervisor, Professor of Middle Eastern and Islamic History, University of
Qaw
1.
H.E. Professor Muhammad Ahdul-Rahim Kafud, Minister of Education and HigherEducation, State of
@tar.
2.
Professor Ihrahim Saleh al-Nuaimi, former Rector, Un~versity f Qatar.
3.
Professor
Yusuf
dLQgadawi,
Director,
SiraandSunna Research
Centre,
University of
Qatar.
4.
Professor Husam d-Khateeb, Professor of Arabic, University of Qatar.
5.
H.E.
DI
asan
al-Nima, Ambassador, State of @tar.
6.
Dr
Hasan
al-Ansari. Amiri Diwan. State of
Qatar.
f
.
7.
I>r
Ahmad Muhammad Ubaidan ('l'rr;lsunr) Ohserver, Advisog.
(i~undl
and 1)irnror-General. TransOrient
Establishment
(Doha,
Qatar).
m's
DVISORS
H.E.
Dr
beddin IhrahirnCultural
ad visa^
to H.H. the President of
the
U.A.EPrufnsor Raji Mahmoud RarnmunyDireutor of
the
Cmtcr's Tmslarian Commi~t~rn the
USA
Professor of Arabic Studies, Depamnent of
Near
Eastern Studies,Univesiry of
Michigan,
U.S.A.