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Judo Ron 66- Judo transition techniques

Judo Ron 66- Judo transition techniques

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Published by Ronald
Suggesting the additional transition techniques to your judo training program. Searching into the Makomi,Hikkomi and Ranraku waza to better develop your favorite technique.
Suggesting the additional transition techniques to your judo training program. Searching into the Makomi,Hikkomi and Ranraku waza to better develop your favorite technique.

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: Ronald on Feb 03, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Judo Ron 66 - Judo Transition Techniques
Regular training program
As we all know, judo, as conceived by the founder Jigoro Kano in 1882 is composed of a rationalprocess in which the intelligent use of energy takes the foreground. It is complemented with aparticular social behaviour demanding that we seek mutual benefits for both self and thesociety. Its third element consist in a physical training segment that demand that we strive toachieve the greatest results within the best of our abilities. This text will address some of thechanges in attitude that can be encountered within the technical use of judo techniques.In our technical teaching program, we tried to introduce you to the principles of singletechniques by making emphasis on the Kuzushi, Tsukuri and the Kake components. We furtherworked on developing the awareness for the capture of greater opportunities (Debana)for youto place your chosen technique more appropriately when the opponent is on the move.In the advanced class we introduced the realm of combination techniques whereby techniquesare used in all directions, in combination or as supplement to others. We began Randoripractices where you attempted to develop your techniques in a confrontational environment inwhich numerous forms of resistance were strategically employed. We also reviewed somefifteen tactical weapons at your disposal to survive your next combat encounters.A quick review of these attributes can be found in my book:
The Discovery of Judo’s Arsenal 
Shin Gi Tai 
. Just to refresh your memory of these fundamentals, I list them hereafter:1.
Performing good Ukemi for your safety and peace of mind2.
Adopting a good posture Shisei which permit the greatest freedom of action3.
Ability to move about speedily in Shintai4.
Understanding how and when to displace your body with Tai-Sabaki5.
Practicing different form of grips or Kumi-Kata6.
Identifying opportunities (Debana) to place the best Kuzushi7.
Filling and managing the distance between you and your partner with Tsukuri8.
Developing your senses so that you can read the others and act swiftly in Sen-no-Sen9.
Performing the chosen technique with speed and accuracy Kake10.
Keeping contact and following-up for both safety and new opportunity Sesshoku11.
Developing and imposing rhythm and harmony with the opponent Ju-Wa12.
Maximizing the use of abdominal energy and muscle power Hara-Gei13.
Exploding your inner strength with selected forms and proper Kiai14.
Developing the right attitude and keeping fortitude with better Kokoro15.
Remembering that in a confrontation, soft gets the better of hard, JUDO
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Esthetic or competitive environment
Our current training syllabus is meant to prepare the majority of you for an effective andesthetic judo performance. Responding to that objective, you will have noted that Tachi Wazaor standing techniques have been emphasised as they are the premier techniques you will needto use to score the victorious Ippon. (
Making sure you throw the opponent with a clean and orthodox technique in order to ensure that the opponents fall clearly on their back withsufficient force and speed 
). When practicing your Nage no Kata and Katame no Kata, you willnot only confirm the need for Kuzushi, Tsukuri and Kake but also express the sporting spirit of caring for your opponent and responding to his or her submission signals.To round up your array of techniques, you learned an ensemble of Newaza or Katame Wazaprocedures that followed provisional approaches to attack and defend. You have learnedtechniques applicable to all sides and how to alternate your positions based upon distances andweight distribution. Some of the advanced students have been able to employ the standingtipping rolls and rear form of Sutemi or sacrifice movement to pull the opponent down andengage immediately into newaza. Most of the training drills used centered towards thesegmentation of techniques, the deconstruction into key elements and their restoration into awhole for the ultimate use as Tokui Waza (favorites technique) to secure the Ippon.With the advent of new IJF competition rules to take effect during the period 2013-16, it isimportant for those who intend to pursue a competitive career to give due consideration to themaximum use of Sesshoku or follow-up procedures. Future contestants are likely to attempt toscore the Ippon without giving any advantages what so ever to their opponent thus limiting therisks to counter or evade their devastating Tokui-waza. If you watch some of the international judo contests, you will note the current tendency to complete the throws with rolls androtations sideways or backwards. You will also discover the abilities to diversified groundworktechniques with an easy passage from hold downs to chokes and to arm locks.For those of you anticipating participating in higher echelons competitions, you can no longercontinue to train one way and then a few weeks before the Shiai switch fighting styles forcompetitive purposes. The transition time is too short to make the necessary mental andphysical adjustments. You can no longer consider stopping your technique after the successfuland beautiful Kake segment hoping that the opponent will make a clean Ukemi. Such high levelShiai demand that you become capable of performing the whole group of techniquesassociated with Tachi-Waza and Ne-waza simultaneously and that you are able to link themwith seamless transitional techniques as found in the Sutemi, Makikomi, Renraku and Hikkomigroups.It is the time to address your previous training regime and consider amalgamating all your skillsinto a general strategy that will lead you to the Ippon making. This means being skillful at bothstrong Tachi- waza and superior Ne-waza linked with transparent transitional techniques.
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Adding transitional techniques
As you seek to change or switch techniques, a process known as
Henka Suru
, you will need topractice ways to escape, counter and evade the opponent’s attack and place yourself quickly ina better position to launch a new offensive either standing or during ground work. The processof joining the two phases rest with the application of transitional techniques also calledHikkomi. Hikkomi comes from the verb Hikkikomu: to pull or to draw something from oneposition to another. The Kodokan dictionary makes use of the word Hikkikomi Gaeshi
as theaction of pulling down the opponent via a sacrifice throw, or tipping roll. It describe the actionas follow: “
When your opponent bends his body forward, reach over your shoulder to grip theback of his belt with one hand, then, fall onto your back and pull him over you while flipping oneof your legs up into the area between his legs in order to throw him to his front or with a twist of your body to throw him to either side
”.When I first addressed the action of Sesshoku, I mentioned the need to pursue your action andensure that you exercise full control of the fall. The gist of the action was to position your bodyweight deeply under the opponent, increase the area of contact with the opponent’s body andcontinue the Kake with a roll in a chosen direction. This is different to when you are call todemonstrate techniques in the Kata style where Uke makes a clean Ukemi to terminate thephase. Similarly on the Ne-Waza, when performed in Kata, the hold is only maintained todemonstrate the potential escapes, the chokes are applied methodically and submission isquick to be signaled. The arm locks and leg locks are exposed to the judges in such a manner asto be observed for their potential effectiveness, there are no subtle manoeuvres.In the actual judo contest, with Tachi-Waza, the opponent can twist, evade, turn in and out andeven change the falling trajectory through torque, spiral and rotation. While performing Ne-Waza there are more entanglements, greater use of leg powers to displace the opponent indesired positions and the chokes and arm locks are applied with greater intensity. As one cansee, the contest milieu is more fluid and quite different then the Kata training. Training foreither domain necessitates the right mental attitude and awareness (Zan Shin) and theappropriate physical conditioning.

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