Project Management Systems
Scope of construction management
concept of scientific management
qualities of manager
recruitment process and training
Definition of project:
A project can be considered to be any series of activities and tasks that1.
Have a specific objective to be completed within certain specifications2.
Have defined start and end dates3.
Have funding limits (if applicable)4.
Consume human and nonhuman resources (i.e., money, people, equipment)5.
Are multifunctional (i.e., cut across several functional lines)A project is a temporary endeavour undertaken to create a unique product or service. A project istemporary in that there is a defined start (the decision to proceed) and a defined end (theachievement of the goals and objectives).Note: Ongoing business or maintenance operations are not projectsSome more definitions;
Association for Project Management
(UK’s largest professional body for project managers), 2004:
Projects are unique, transient endeavours undertaken to achieve a desired outcome
Project Management Institute
(world’s largest professional association), 2004: A project is a
temporary endeavour undertaken to create a unique product, service or result.
British Standard 6079, 2000:
A unique set of coordinated activities, with definite starting andfinishing points, undertaken by an individual or organisation to meet specific performance objectiveswithin defined schedule, cost and performance parameters.
PRINCE 2 2009
(PRojects IN Controlled Environments
UK government standard for projectmanagement): A management environment that is created for the purpose of delivering one ormore business products according to a specified business case.And: A temporary organisation that is needed to produce a unique and predefined outcome or resultat a given time using predetermined resources.
Project Management Association of Japan, 2005
: A project refers to a value creation undertakingbased on a specific mission, which is completed in a given or agreed timeframe and underconstraints, including resources and external circumstances.A project is a problem scheduled for solution
J. M. Juran