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Project planning and Management unit 1

Project planning and Management unit 1

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Published by Savant
Project Management Systems – Organization – Scope of construction management – Significance – concept of scientific management – qualities of manager – organization – authority policy – recruitment process and training
Project Management Systems – Organization – Scope of construction management – Significance – concept of scientific management – qualities of manager – organization – authority policy – recruitment process and training

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Published by: Savant on Feb 04, 2013
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UNIT
 –
I
Project Management Systems
 –
Organization
 –
Scope of construction management
 –
Significance
 –
 concept of scientific management
 –
qualities of manager
 –
organization
 –
authority policy
 –
 recruitment process and training
Definition of project:
A project can be considered to be any series of activities and tasks that1.
 
Have a specific objective to be completed within certain specifications2.
 
Have defined start and end dates3.
 
Have funding limits (if applicable)4.
 
Consume human and nonhuman resources (i.e., money, people, equipment)5.
 
Are multifunctional (i.e., cut across several functional lines)A project is a temporary endeavour undertaken to create a unique product or service. A project istemporary in that there is a defined start (the decision to proceed) and a defined end (theachievement of the goals and objectives).Note: Ongoing business or maintenance operations are not projectsSome more definitions;
 Association for Project Management 
 
(UK’s largest professional body for project managers), 2004:
Projects are unique, transient endeavours undertaken to achieve a desired outcome
Project Management Institute
 
(world’s largest professional association), 2004: A project is a
temporary endeavour undertaken to create a unique product, service or result.
British Standard 6079, 2000:
A unique set of coordinated activities, with definite starting andfinishing points, undertaken by an individual or organisation to meet specific performance objectiveswithin defined schedule, cost and performance parameters.
PRINCE 2 2009
(PRojects IN Controlled Environments
 –
UK government standard for projectmanagement): A management environment that is created for the purpose of delivering one ormore business products according to a specified business case.And: A temporary organisation that is needed to produce a unique and predefined outcome or resultat a given time using predetermined resources.
Project Management Association of Japan, 2005
: A project refers to a value creation undertakingbased on a specific mission, which is completed in a given or agreed timeframe and underconstraints, including resources and external circumstances.A project is a problem scheduled for solution
J. M. Juran
 
Some common themes understood here are:1
Unique
: the exact project has not been performed before. The project has a degree of novelty, interms of time, place, team carrying out the task, product or service being provided. However,something like it has almost certainly been done by someone somewhere before. For this reason,projects are said to have aspects of uniqueness.2
Temporary
: the project does have a beginning and an end, as for our earlier definition, andrequires a group of people to carry out the task (the establishment of a temporary organisation).When the project finishes, the team moves on. The financial resources available to the project arealso temporary and almost always finite
 –
when the project is completed the funding ceases.3
Focused
: the task of the project is to deliver a particular product, service or result (the specificmission). This is not to say that every project starts out with a complete and clear idea of exactlywhat will be achieved and how.Figure: Project Characteristics
 
Functional WorkFunctional work is routine, ongoing work. Each day, secretaries, financial analysts, and car salespeople perform functional work that is mostly repetitive, even if their activities vary somewhat fromday to day. A manager assigned to the specific function provides training and supervision, andmanages them according to standards of productivity, such as quantity of work performed ornumber of salesProject Work
In contrast to ongoing, functional work, a project is “a temporary endeavour undertaken to create aunique product, service, or result” (A Guide to
the Project Management Body of Knowledge(PMBOK® Guide), Project Management Institute, 2008, p. 5). Projects are temporary because theyhave a defined beginning and end. They are unique because the product, service, or result isdifferent in some distinguishing way from similar products, services, or results. The construction of aheadquarters building for ABC Industries is an example of a project. The unique work is defined bythe building plans and has a specific beginning and end. A project manager is responsible for theproject, overseeing the con-tractors, and managing the schedule and budget.
Project Management Systems
Project management is application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities toachieve project requirements. Project management is accomplished through the application andintegration of the project management processes of initiating, planning, executing, monitoring andcontrolling, and closing.Project management systems are software tools that assist in the organization and moderation of aproject throughout its life cycle
 
Project visibility
: shows the project as a whole, allowing one to accurately predict the resultsof project constraints (scope, time, costs, etc.)
 
Resource visibility
: shows the resources available in a project, allowing one to properlydistribute and prioritize work
 
Metric visibility
: shows the current status of certain elements of a project in relation to theend goal
 
Project management software has a capacity to help plan, organize, and manage resourcepools and develop resource estimate.Examples
 
Project Office Management System (POMS), Primavera, PlanWise ProjectManagement, Project Libre, Open ERP & Microsoft Project

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