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Some Basic Notions: Rates of Mass Transfer
Illustration 1.2: Diffusion through a Hollow Cylinder
1.3Units of the Potential and of the Mass Transfer Coefﬁcient
Illustration 1.4: Conversion of Mass Transfer Coefﬁcients
1.4.1 Equimolar Counterdiffusion
1.4.2Diffusion through a Stagnant Film
1.5The Two-Film Theory
1.6Overall Driving Forces and Mass Transfer Coefﬁcients
1.7 Conclusion
Practice Problems
Modeling Mass Transport: The Mass Balances
2.1The Compartment and the One-Dimensional Pipe
Illustration 2.2: Reaeration of a River
2.2The Classiﬁcation of Mass Balances
2.2.1The Role of Balance Space
2.2.2The Role of Time
2.2.2.2Cumulative (Integral) Balance
2.2.2.4Dependent and Independent Variables
2.3The Information Obtained from Model Solutions
2.4Setting Up Partial Differential Equations
2.5The General Conservation Equations
3.1 Diffusion Coefﬁcients
3.1.1Diffusion in Gases
Illustration 3.1: Diffusivity of Cadmium Vapor in Air
3.1.2Diffusion in Liquids
3.1.3Diffusion in Solids
Illustration 3.5: The Design of Packaging Materials
3.1.3.2Diffusion of Gases through Porous Solids
Illustration 3.7: Diffusivity in a Catalyst Pellet
3.1.3.3Diffusion of Solids in Solids
4.1 Transient Diffusion
4.1.1Source Problems
4.1.2 Nonsource Problems
4.1.2.1 Diffusion into a Semi-Inﬁnite Medium
Illustration 4.6: Manufacture of Transformer Steel
Illustration 4.8: Extraction of Oil from Vegetable Seeds
4.2Diffusion and Reaction
4.2.1Reaction and Diffusion in a Catalyst Particle
A Survey of Mass Transfer Coefﬁcients
5.1 Dimensionless Groups
Illustration 5.1: The Wall Sherwood Number
5.2.1Mass Transfer Coefﬁcients in Laminar Tubular Flow
5.3.1 Dimensional Analysis
5.3.2The Buckingham pppp Theorem
5.4Mass Transfer Coefﬁcients for Tower Packings
5.5Mass Transfer Coefﬁcients in Agitated Vessels
6.1Single-Component Systems: Vapor Pressure
Illustration 6.2: Carbonation of a Soft Drink
6.2.2Liquid and Solid Solubilities
Illustration 6.3: Discharge of Plant Efﬂuent into a River
6.2.3Fluid---Solid Equilibria: The Langmuir Isotherm
6.2.5Equilibria Involving a Supercritical Fluid
Illustration 6.8: The Octanol---Water Partition Coefﬁcient
6.3.1The Phase Rule
Illustration 6.9: Application of the Phase Rule
6.3.2Binary Vapor---Liquid Equilibria
6.3.2.1 Phase Diagrams
6.3.2.3 Activity Coefﬁcients
6.3.3The Separation Factor aaaa: Azeotropes
Illustration 6.10: The Effect of Total Pressure on aaaa
Illustration 6.11: Activity Coefﬁcients from Solubilities
7.1.2Single-Stage Differential Operation
7.1.5Fractional Distillation: The McCabe---Thiele Diagram
7.1.5.2The McCabe---Thiele Diagram
7.1.5.3Minimum Reﬂux Ratio and Number of Plates
7.1.6 Percolation Processes
7.2.4Percolation Processes
8.1 Packed-Column Operations
8.2.1Membrane Structure, Conﬁguration, and Applications
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Chemical engineering

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mass transfer principles and applications
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08/15/2013

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