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Westside Subway Extension construction factsheet

Westside Subway Extension construction factsheet

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Published by sourcemetro
Focuses on how stations are built.
Focuses on how stations are built.

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Published by: sourcemetro on Feb 04, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Construction Fact Sheet
updated: fall
Westside Subway Extension
of the
Metro Purple Line
The station is a large box, about 800-1000 feet long and70 feet wide. When completed, the box will accommodate: >The station platform at the lowest level of the box wherepeople will board and exit trains; >About mid-way between the platform and the streetlevel is the concourse level where ticketing machinesare located;>At least one street-level station entrance; >At least one elevator, two escalators, and stairs betweenthese levels;>Non-public spaces to accommodate station equipmentand functions such as communications, power, ventilation,maintenance, etc.Stations are generally 50-60 feet deep to allow easypassenger circulation from the station platform to thesurface. When built under a street, they are constructedbelow temporary concrete decking that allows the street tocontinue to carry tra
c. If located o
-street, they can bebuilt using an open excavation, similar to the constructionof a building.Tunnels are typically about 20 feet in diameter. Thereare two parallel tunnels separated by about 20 feet,one tunnel for train travel in each direction. Tunnels aregenerally about 50-70 feet deep, though they can bedeeper between stations. Some portions of the tunnelalignments for the subway will be significantly deeperthan this, up to about 130 feet.
tunnel boring machines (tbm
The twin tunnels between stations are constructedwith TBMs that must be lowered into the ground bycranes through a large shaft referred to as the TBMlaunch site. These sites are typically located in astaging area near one or more of the station boxes.The TBMs proceed in parallel, tunneling at anaverage rate of 40 to 50 feet per day.
building the stations
Construction at each station is estimated to take five to seven years.
constructing the tunnels
site preparation
Preparing a site for station construction typicallybegins by protecting or relocating any undergroundutilities such as power lines, water lines, sewers, gaspipes, cable/telephone lines and storm drains.
This will likely require temporary closures of portionsof the street under which utilities are located anddetouring tra
c around the work site. Detours areoften limited to weekends or non-peak periods.
pressurized-faced tbm
The cutting face and other aspects of TBMs are typicallycustom-made for each tunneling job, depending onthe soil conditions that will be encountered. However,most urban tunneling around the world today utilizeswhat are known as pressurized-faced TBMs. Thesemachines maintain the pressure in the surroundingground, and precast concrete linings are installed asthe machines progress. Most recently, Metro usedpressurized-face TBMs on the 1.8 mile tunnel for theMetro Gold Line Eastside Extension and experiencedno measurable surface subsidence or substantiatedproperty damage claims. Another recent projectutilizing pressurized-face TBMs is the City of LosAngeles’ large diameter East Central Interceptor Sewer,which runs under portions of Exposition Bl.
special conditions
erent measures can be built into the tunnelsalong the way to accommodate special conditions.In areas with gassy or watery ground this couldinclude secondary tunnel liners or gaskets, orenhanced ventilation systems. In areas wherethe tunnel may cross an earthquake fault, a widertunnel may be excavated or
exible tunnel linerscould be installed.
Initial street excavation for stations may require temporary lane or street closures.Constructing a station is a multi-step
install concrete decking
The next step in the process is to install concrete decking that will serveas the temporary street surface, allowing tra
c to continue to
owwhile construction continues underneath. Vertical support piles areinstalled along the edges of the street and steel beams are installedacross the construction area atop these piles. Concrete decking is theninstalled in sections on top of the beams,
ush with the street. Thetemporary decking is also designed to maintain access to sidewalksand driveways, wherever possible.
This initial street excavation and installation of the concrete deckingrequires temporary street closures. This typically occurs over a series of sequential weekends beginning after rush hour on Friday night, with thestreet reopening before rush hour on Monday morning. In some cases,communities may prefer to close the streets continuously to shortenthe overall duration of this process. If the work can be accomplished byclosing only a portion of the lanes, tra
c will be accommodated in theremaining lanes. In some instances, the entire street may need to beclosed for some period of time. If so, tra
c will be temporarily divertedto parallel streets.

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