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Houston figures from 2012 Urban Mobility Report

Houston figures from 2012 Urban Mobility Report

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Performance Measure Summary - Houston TX
There are several inventory and performance measures listed in the pages of this Urban Area Report for the
years from 1982 to 2011. There is no single performance measure that experts agree “says it all.” A few key
points should be recognized by users of the Urban Mobility Report data.
Use the Trends
 – The multi-year performance measures are better indicators, in most cases, than any
single year. Examining a few measures over many years reduces the chance that data variations or theestimating procedures may have caused a "spike" in any single year. (
5 years is 5 times better than 1year 
).
Use several measures
– Each performance measure illustrates a different element of congestion. (
The view is more interesting from atop several measures 
).
Compare to similar regions
– Congestion analyses that compare areas with similar characteristics (for 
example population, growth rate, road and public transportation system design) are usually more insightfulthan comparisons of different regions. (
Los Angeles is not Peoria 
).
Compare ranking changes and performance measure values
– In some performance measures a small
change in the value may cause a significant change in rank from one year to the next. This is the casewhen there are several regions with nearly the same value. (
15 hours is only 1 hour more than 14 hours 
).
Consider the scope of improvement options
– Any improvement project in a corridor within most of the
regions will only have a modest effect on the regional congestion level. (
To have an effect on areawide congestion, there must be significant change in the system or service 
).
Performance Measures and Definition of Terms
Travel Time Index
– A measure of congestion that focuses on each trip and each mile of travel. It is
calculated as the ratio of travel time in the peak period to travel time in free-flow. A value of 1.30 indicates a20-minute free-flow trip takes 26 minutes in the peak.
Planning Time Index -
a travel time reliability measure that represents the total travel time that should beplanned for a trip. Computed with the 95th percentile travel time it represents the amount of time thatshouldbe planned for a trip to be late for only 1 day a month. Computed with the 80th percentile travel time itrepresents the amount of time that should be planned for a trip to be late for only 1 day a week. A PTI of 3.00means that for a 20-minute trip in light traffic, 60 minutes should be planned.
Peak Commuters
– Number of travelers who begin a trip during the morning or evening peak travel periods
(6 to 10 a.m. and 3 to 7 p.m.). "Commuters" are private vehicle users unless specifically noted.
Annual Delay per Commuter
– A yearly sum of all the per-trip delays for those persons who travel in the
peak period (6 to 10 a.m. and 3 to 7p.m.). This measure illustrates the effect of the per-mile congestion aswell as the length of each trip.
Total Delay
– The overall size of the congestion problem. Measured by the total travel time above that
needed to complete a trip at free-flow speeds. The ranking of total delay usually follows the populationranking (larger regions usually have more delay).
CO
2
per Commuter -
represents the pounds of additional CO
2
emissions generated by a commuter during ayear due to traffic congestion.
Free-Flow Speeds --
These values are derived from overnight speeds in the INRIX speed database. Theyare used as the national comparison thresholds. Other speed values may be appropriate for urban projectevaluations or sub-regions studies.
Excess Fuel Consumed
– Increased fuel consumption due to travel in congested conditions rather than free-
flow conditions.
Public Transportation
– Regular route service from all public transportation providers in an urban area.
Operations Treatments
– Freeway incident management, freeway ramp metering, arterial street signal
coordination and arterial street access management.
Congestion Cost
– Value of travel delay for 2011 (estimated at $16.79 per hour of person travel and $86.81
per hour of truck time) and excess gasoline consumption (passenger vehicles) and diesel (trucks) estimatedusing state average cost per gallon.
Urban Area
– The developed area (population density more than 1,000 persons per square mile) within a
metropolitan region. The urban area boundaries change frequently (every year for most growing areas). Theannual change in miles traveled and lane-miles, therefore, includes both new travel and roads due to growthand travel and roads that were previously in areas designated as rural.
Number of Rush Hours
– Time when the road system might have congestion.
 
Inventory Measures201120102009200820072006
Urban Area Information
Population (1000s)4,1294,0563,9213,8253,8153,800Rank101111121212Peak Travelers (1000s)2,4402,3892,3062,2412,2322,219Commuters (1000s)2,2742,2272,1492,0892,0802,068
Freeway
Daily Vehicle-Miles of Travel (1000s)50,99854,83354,29054,02055,00053,500Lane-Miles3,0403,3093,2603,2603,2003,150
Arterial Streets
Daily Vehicle-Miles of Travel (1000s)39,24639,58739,19539,00041,50041,000Lane-Miles8,9957,9077,7907,7907,7507,700
Public Transportation
Annual Psgr-Miles of Travel (millions)560.0604.4608.5632.6602.7605.2Annual Unlinked Psgr Trips (millions)81.996.096.6100.4100.9102.5
Cost Components
Value of Time ($/hour)16.7916.3016.0116.1015.4715.06Commercial Cost ($/hour)86.8188.1289.7581.5282.5680.43Gasoline ($/gallon)3.292.562.133.362.922.55Diesel ($/gallon)3.562.832.434.073.302.73
System Performance201120102009200820072006
Congested Travel
(% of peak VMT)696864677171
Congested System
(% of lane-miles)494845474949
Congested Time
(number of "Rush Hours")5.755.756.006.006.25--
Annual Excess Fuel Consumed
Total Fuel (1000 gallons)65,85264,68860,09063,19855,94256,496Rank991191212Fuel per Peak Auto Commuter (gallons)232322242223Rank12121783027
Annual Delay 
Total Delay (1000s of person-hours)145,832143,254134,765141,309119,756121,654Rank991191212Delay per Peak Auto Commuter (pers-hrs)525150554749Rank66862219
Travel Time Index
1.261.261.241.261.291.30Rank101012101413
Commuter Stress Index
1.351.361.331.371.41--Rank64636--
Freeway Planning Time Index (95th Pctile)
3.67----------Rank21----------
Freeway Planning Time Index (80th Pctile)
1.84----------Rank19----------
Excess CO
2
Due to Congestion
Congested CO
2
(million pounds)1,3241,3011,2081,2711,1251,136Rank991191212CO2 Per Peak Auto Commuter (pounds)463455439488439455Rank10121883430
Truck Congestion Cost ($ millions)
646635613593490--
Truck Commodity Value ($ millions)
233,723230,769227,645224,564221,524--
Congestion Cost
Total Cost ($ millions)3,1203,0652,8513,0092,4532,384Rank10101191212Cost per Peak Auto Commuter ($)1,0901,0711,0391,1489361,297Rank88962523
Note: Zeroes in the table reflect values less than 0.5.
e oty ata or ouston
 
Inventory Measures200520042003200220012000
Urban Area Information
Population (1000s)3,7903,7703,7503,7203,6303,500Rank121212121212Peak Travelers (1000s)2,1982,1752,1532,1202,0581,974Commuters (1000s)2,0492,0272,0061,9761,9181,840
Freeway
Daily Vehicle-Miles of Travel (1000s)52,60051,00049,80048,90047,00045,000Lane-Miles3,1003,0202,9602,9002,8002,730
Arterial Streets
Daily Vehicle-Miles of Travel (1000s)39,35539,33039,54039,98039,21037,085Lane-Miles7,6407,6007,5107,4507,4007,395
Public Transportation
Annual Psgr-Miles of Travel (millions)552.0565.1549.3580.5621.7595.5Annual Unlinked Psgr Trips (millions)94.695.993.096.9101.2100.5
Cost Components
Value of Time ($/hour)14.5814.1013.7313.4313.2212.85Commercial Cost ($/hour)78.0574.1772.2370.8671.3870.47Gasoline ($/gallon)2.231.831.451.321.461.47Diesel ($/gallon)2.401.851.431.291.481.42
System Performance200520042003200220012000
Congested Travel
(% of peak VMT)716868656562
Congested System
(% of lane-miles) 474747464542
Congested Time
(number of "Rush Hours")
------------Annual Excess Fuel Consumed
Total Fuel (1000 gallons)56,21552,17648,15647,55645,18140,643Rank121212121213Fuel per Peak Auto Commuter (gallons)232119191918Rank273339393541
Annual Delay 
Total Delay (1000s of person-hours) 121,110113,871104,912106,126101,21290,568Rank121212121213Delay per Peak Auto Commuter (pers-hrs)494743444340Rank202129222324
Travel Time Index
1.311.291.261.261.261.25Rank81120201820
Commuter Stress Index------------
Rank
------------Freeway Planning Time Index (95th Pctile)------------
Rank
------------Freeway Planning Time Index (80th Pctile)------------
Rank
------------Excess CO
2
Due to Congestion
Congested CO
2
(million pounds)1,1301,049968956908817Rank121213121213CO2 Per Peak Auto Commuter (pounds)455423390390374358Rank323438383741
Truck Congestion Cost ($ millions)------------Truck Commodity Value ($ millions)------------Congestion Cost
Total Cost ($ millions)2,2672,0081,7741,7421,6491,445Rank121212121213Cost per Peak Auto Commuter ($)1,2361,102978969939853Rank252832262630
Note: Zeroes in the table reflect values less than 0.5.
e oty ata or ouston

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