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Published by Paul Burgess

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Published by: Paul Burgess on Feb 05, 2013
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02/05/2013

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AMERICANACADEMYLARNACA
7
PHYSICS:
SEME.STER2:
TEST1
AdvancedLevel-A2
Time:Ihour20minutesUnit4:
PhysicsontheMove:Topic3-Particlephysics
'","
L-~----------------------------------~
Writeyournamehere
IL-s~u-r-n__"a-m~e~~_,_~~~~~~~~~~~~-I-O~t-h-e-r-n-a-m~e-s~~~~~~~~
Writethedatehere
GRADE
oumusthave
Scientificcalculator Ruler
v
~Instructions
Useblackinkorball-pointpen(blacklblue). Fillintheboxesatthetopofthispagewithyournamesandthedate. Answerallquestions(thereare18questions-withsomechallenge/bonusparts). Answerthequestionsinthespacesprovided-
theremaybemorespacethanyouneed.
Incalculationsyoushouldshowallthestepsinyourworking,givingyouranswerateachstage.
Information
Thetotalmarkforthispaperis80
(+
10challenge/bonusmarks). Themarksforeachquestionareshowninbrackets-
usethisasaguideastohowmuchtimetospend oneachquestion.
Questionslabelledwithanasterisk
(*)
beforethenumberofthequestion,areoneswherethequality ofyourwrittencommunicationwillbeassessed-
youshouldtakeparticularcarewithspelling, punctuationandgrammar,aswellastheclarityofexpression,onthesequestions.
Questionswithanasterisk
(*)
afterthenumberofthequestionarechallengequestions.Theyare moresearchinganddeeperandtheyareintendedtochallengeyourknowledgeandunderstandingof physics.Theyarebonusquestionsandyoushouldattemptthemonlyifyouhavetime. Thelistofdata,formulaeandrelationshipsisprovidedseparately.Youmayuseascientificcalculator.
Advice
I1t
Readeachquestioncarefullybeforeyoustarttoanswerit.---- "Keepaneyeonthetime.Trytoanswereveryquestion. Alwayscheckyouranswers.
Turnover
 
<I.-
-2-
Questions
1-10:
ChoosetherightanswerfromchoicesA,B,CorD.
1)
Athingoldfoilisbombardedwitha-particlesasshown. incidenta-particlesgoldfoilTheresultsofthisexperimentprovideinformationaboutthe Abindingenergyofagoldnucleus. Senergylevelsofelectronsingoldatoms.
(§)
sizeofagoldnucleus.Dstructureofagoldnucleus..5)In
an
experimenttolearnmoreaboutthestructureoftheatom,
Geiqer
andMarsdenfiredc-particlesatathinsheetofgoldfoil.Theyfoundthatmostofthecc-particlespassedthroughthe goldfoilwithnosignificantdeviation,althoughaverytiT1Yminorityweredeflectedthroughlarge angles,andsomewereeveT1back-scattered(deflectedbymorethan90
0),
Iftheexperimentisrepeatedwithafoilofaheavierisotopeofgold,howwouldtheresultsbe different?AAgreaterproportionoftheo-particleswoulddeflectedthroughalargeangle. SAgreaterproportionofthec-particleswouldpassthroughwithnosignificantdeviation. C
A
greaterproportionofthecc-particleswouldbeback-scattered.
@
Therewouldbenosignificantchanqe.
.../3
 
ut
0
Adiffractsthroughanarrowslit.
.-
D
B
doesnotbehaveasaparticle.
rsd
C
doesnotdisplaywaveproperties.
D
D
istravellingatthespeedoflight.
-3-
~2~~Pbisthesymbolfortheheaviest,stablenucleus.Thetableshowspossiblenumbers ofneutronsandprotons.Whichlineofthetablecorrectlyshowsthenumbersofneutronsandprotonsforthis nucleus?
I-
I
Numberofneutrons
I
Numberofprotons
I
i
1
D
A
I
82
I
208
I
1-----l-~---·-----------,-----·--·--·------l
I
!
I
D
B
I
82126
I
I~
T___~~
I
82
I
o
D
I
208
I
82
J
._.>__
m__'__~
--1._
~ThedeBrogliewavelengthofamovingtennisballiscalculatedas1
x
10-
33
m.Thismeansthatthemovingtennisball
5)
Whichoneofthefollowingstatementsdoes
not
helptoexplainwhyelectronscanbe usedtoprobethenucleiofatoms.
1Xr
AElectronsarenegativelycharged.
D
BElectronscanhavewavelengthssimilarinsizetonucleardiameters.
M
CElectronscanbeacceleratedtohighenergies.
D
DElectronscanexhibitdiffractioneffects.
6)
Which
one
ofthefollowingmight
not
applyininteractionsbetweensubatomicparticles?
D
Achargeconservation
D
Benergyconservation
~
C
matterconservation
D
Dmomentumconservation
..,/4

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