Auditory-Evoked Potential (AER)
uses sounds in the ear to determine theresponse of the brainstem and auditory regions of the cortex to thesound. AER is useful in diagnosing abnormalities of hearing, damage tothe acoustic nerve and acoustic neuromas.
Brainstem Auditory-Evoked Response (BAER)
utilizes electrodes on the scalp tomeasure the electrical activity of the brain. It is used to analyze generalbrain function and for the diagnosis of different forms of epilepsy andseizures and metabolic and degenerative disorders of the brain as wellas sleep disorders. EEG is age specific; in the normal aging process, theperson may demonstrate a modest degree of slowing in the temporalregions.
is used evaluate some brain functionsand to assess the vestibular system including involuntary eye movement,dizziness and balance disorders.
records the electrical discharges of themuscle in response to nerve stimulation. EMGs can be performed withsurface electrodes measuring voltage on the skin or needle electrodesinserted into the skin. EMG is used for testing muscle and nerve disor-ders including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, themuscular dystrophies, peripheral neuropathies, and Guillain Barrésyndrome. It is useful in differentiate between demyelinating andaxonal pathology.
examine the visual, auditory, and somatosensory sys-tems to identify sub-clinical lesions. Evoked potentials are essential todiagnose multiple sclerosis, stroke, visual acuity in children, optic neu-ropathy, demyelinating diseases, leukodystrophies, and lipidoses.
Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV)
measures the speed of electricalimpulse conduction along sensory and motor nerves that are superficialenough to be stimulated. NCV is used in nerve disorders such as carpaltunnel syndrome, diabetic neuropathy, peripheral nerve lesions, andCharcot-Marie-Tooth disease.
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