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MP2009-Chapter 2 Force and Motion

MP2009-Chapter 2 Force and Motion

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Published by: Mohd Khairul Anuar on Feb 15, 2009
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05/10/2014

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 JPN Pahang Physics Module Form 4Chapter 2 : Force and Motion
 
1
 
2. FORCE AND MOTION
 2.1 ANALYSING LINEAR MOTION 
Distance and displacement
1. Types of physical quantity:(i)
 
Scalar quantity: ………………………………………………………………….(ii) Vector quantity: …………………………………………………………………2. The difference between distance and displacement:(i) Distance: …………………………………………………………………………(ii) Displacement: ……………………………………………………………………3. Distance always longer than displacement.4. Example: The following diagram shows the location of Johor Bahru and Desaru.You can travel by car using existing road via Kota Tinggi, or travel by asmall plane along straight path.Calculate how far it is from Johor Bahru to Desaru if you traveled by:a.
 
The carb.
 
The planeSolution:Hands-on Activity 2.2 pg 10 of the practical book.Idea of distance and displacement, speed and velocity.
Speed and velocity
1. Speed is ..…………………………………………………………………………………2. Velocity is: ..……………………………………………………………………………...3. Average of speed: ………………………………………………………………………4. Average of velocity: ……………………………………………………………………...Kota Tinggi60 km41 km53 kmDesaruJohor
 
 JPN Pahang Physics Module Form 4Chapter 2 : Force and Motion
 
2
 
5. Example:An aero plane flies from A to B, which is located 300 km east of A. Upon reaching B, theaero plane then flies to C, which is located 400 km north. The total time of flight is 4hours. Calculatei.
 
The speed of the aero planeii.
 
The velocity of the aero planeSolution:
Acceleration and deceleration
 1. Study the phenomenon below;Observation: ………………………………………………………………………………2. Acceleration is, ……………………………………………………………………….Then, a =3. Example of acceleration;20 m s
-1
 0 m s
-1
 40 m s
-1
 
Or, a = v – u 
20 m s
-1
0 m s
-1
 40 m s
-1
A B C
t = 2 st = 2 s
 
 JPN Pahang Physics Module Form 4Chapter 2 : Force and Motion
 
3
 
Calculate the acceleration of car;i)
 
from A to Bii)
 
From B to C4. Deceleration happens ...…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………5. Example of deceleration;A lorry is moving at 30 m s
-1
, when suddenly the driver steps on the brakes and it stop 5seconds later. Calculate the deceleration of lorry.
Analyzing of motion
1. Linear motion can be studied in the laboratory using a ticker timer and a ticker tape.Refer text book photo picture 2.4 page 26.(i) Determination of time:(ii)
 
Determination of displacement as the length of ticker tape over a period of time.x y(iii) Determine the type of motion;……………………………………………………………………………………….....……….……………………………………………………………………………...……………………………………………………………………………………..
 
. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .
 
. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .

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