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MPHG2009-Chapter 10 Radioactivity

MPHG2009-Chapter 10 Radioactivity

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05/10/2014

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 JPN Pahang 
 
Physics Module Form 5
 
Student’s Copy
 
Chapter 10: Radioactive
 1 
10. 1 THE NUCLEUS OF AN ATOM10 .1.1 The composition of the nucleus
1. Atomic Model has a
nucleus
 
which consists of 
 proton 
and
neutron
 with
electron
revolving around the nucleus like the planet revolvingaround the Sun.2. A proton has a
 positive
.charge whereas an
electron 
has a
negative
 charge.
10.1.2 Nuclide
1. A nuclide is an atom of a particle structure
 X 
 A Z 
Atomic StructureProton number Atomic ModelElectron Nucleus Nucleon number Isotopes
CHAPTER 10: RADIOACTIVE
…….......
 
……......…….......…….......…….......……....……......……...........
 
 JPN Pahang 
 
Physics Module Form 5
 
Student’s Copy
 
Chapter 10: Radioactive
 22 An atom of an element is represented by its symbol as above.A is for 
nucleon ………. 
Z is for 
 proton number  
and X is for 
element  
3.
2713
AlThe proton number of aluminium is
13
, The nucleon number of aluminium is
27 
The number of neutron in this nucleus is
14
 4. Carbon – 12, each nucleus contains 6 protons and 6 neutrons. Hence A = 12 and Z = 6.Write the symbol for this nuclide……………………………………………………
10.1.3 Isotopes
1. What it meant by the isotopes?
 Isotopes are atoms of the same element with the
 
 same number of protons but different number of neutron 
2. Write symbolically isotopes:carbon -12 ……
…………………….
carbon -14 …………………….….………
………………….deuterium ………….……………..tritium …………….………………oxygen – 16 ……….………………oxygen – 17………..………………helium – 3………..………………..helium – 4 ………….……………..……...............…….............……...............……...............……...............……...............
 
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
 
 JPN Pahang 
 
Physics Module Form 5
 
Student’s Copy
 
Chapter 10: Radioactive
 3
Exercise 10.1
1.
 
A nucleus contains protons and neutrons. Which of these particles experiences anelectrostatic force ?…… …………………………………………………………………………………..2.
 
Gold (Au ) has 79 protons and 118 neutrons. Write the symbol for this nuclide…………………………………………………………………………………………3. An isotope of nitrogen can be represented by (
157
N). How many of the following particlesdoes it have?a)
 
 protons ……………………………………………………. b)
 
neutrons……………………………………………………..c)
 
electrons ……………………………………………………4.An atom of element Y has a proton number 5 and a nucleon number 11. Identify theelement………
boron
………
 B
……………………………………………………. 
10.2 RADIOACTIVE DECAY10.2.1 Radioactivity
1. What is meant by the radioactivity ?
 Radioactivity is the spontaneous and random emission of radioactive rays from unstableradioactive materials after which they become more stable
……………………………………2. The process is said to be spontaneous because …
 
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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