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Chapter 1 Introduction to Physics Teacher' Guide 2009

# Chapter 1 Introduction to Physics Teacher' Guide 2009

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Published by: Mohd Khairul Anuar on Feb 15, 2009
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05/18/2013

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JPN Pahang Physics Module Form 4Teachers Guide Chapter 1 : Introduction To Physics _________________________________________________________________________________________
CHAPTER 1 :

INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICS1.1Understanding Physics
1Mechanical Energy

PHYSICS
Study of the natural phenomena and theroerties of matter.SolidLiquidGas
Mechanical EnergyHeat EnergyLight EnergyWave Energy
Electrical Energy
Nuclear EnergyChemical Energy
Relationshipwithmatter Properties of Ener RelationshipwithenergyProperties of Matter formsstatesMatterEnergyMechanics
Propertiesof matter
HeatLightWavein the fields of Electricity &ElectromagnetismAtomic Physics& Nuclear Electronics

JPN Pahang Physics Module Form 4Teachers Guide Chapter 1 : Introduction To Physics _________________________________________________________________________________________
1.2PHYSICAL QUANTITIESBase quantity
1A physical quantity is ……………………………………………………………………..2
Examples of scientific
instruments:………………………………………………………3A
base quantity
is a physical quantity which cannot be defined in terms of other physicalquantities.4 Study the following picture and list the physical quantities that can be measured.5List of 5 basic physical quantities and their units.Base quantitySymbolS.I. UnitSymbol for S.I. UnitLengthMassTimeCurrentTemperature6.Two quantities that have also identified as basic quantity. There are:i) …………………………..unit ………….. ii) ………………………. unit ……………..

The list of physical quantities :1. ……………………………………….2. ……………………………………….3. ……………………………………….4. ……………………………………….5. ……………………………………….6. ……………………………………….7. ……………………………………….8. ……………………………………….9. ……………………………………….
battery

battery
any quantity that can be measured by a scientific instrument.Stopwatch, metre rule balance, thermometer, ammeter etc.Height,mass, size,age,temperature,current Power,Thermal energyPressurel meter mm kilogram kg t second sI Ampere AT Kelvin  Light intensity candela Amount of substance mol
2

JPN Pahang Physics Module Form 4Teachers Guide Chapter 1 : Introduction To Physics _________________________________________________________________________________________
Standard Form
1Standard form = A x 10
n
, 1 < A < 10 and n = integer 2Standard form is used to …………………………………………………………………...3Some physical quantities have extremely small magnitudes. Write the followingquantities in standard form :
a.
Radius of the earth = 6 370 000 m =………………………………………………….
b.
Mass of an electron = 0.000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 911 kg =………...c.Size of a particle = 0.000 03 m = …………………………………………………… b.Diameter of an atom = 0.000 000 072 m = …………………………………………...c. Wavelength of light = 0.000 000 55 m = ……………………………………………..
Prefixes
1.Prefixes are usually used to ………………………………………………………………...2.It will be written …………………………………………………………………………3.The list of prefixes :
Tera (T)Giga (G)Mega (M)kilo (k)mili (m)micro (
µ
)nano (n)pico (p)10
12
10
9
10
6
10
3
10
0
10
-3
10
-6
10
-9
10
-12
Hekto (ha)Deka (da)desi (d)centi (c)
10
2
10
1
10
-1
10
-2
Eg :1 Tm = …………………………………….3.6 mA = …………………………………….How to change the unit ;Eg :1. Mega to nano2. Tera to micro3.piko to Mega
simplify the expression of very large and small numbers6.37 x 10
m9.11 x 10
-31
kg 3.0 x 10
-5
m7.2 x 10
-8
m5.5 x 10
-7
mrepresent a large physical quantity or extremely small quantity in S.I units.before the unit as a multiplying factor.1
×
10
12
m3.6 × 10
-3
A1.33 MA = 1.33 × 10
A= 1.33 × 10
6-(-9)
nA= 1.33 × 10
-15
nA1.23 Tm to unit
µ
m unit 1.23 Tm = 1.23 x 10
12
m= 1.23 x 10
12 – (-6)
m= 1.23 x 10
18
m5456 pA to MA unit 5456 pA = 5.456 x 10
3 + (-12)
pA= 5.456 x 10
-9
pA= 5.456 x 10
-9 –(6)
MA= 5.456 x 10
-15
MA
3

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