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Chapter 7 - Electricity(Teacher's Guide) 2009

# Chapter 7 - Electricity(Teacher's Guide) 2009

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05/10/2014

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JPN Pahang Physics Module Form 5Teachers Guide Chapter 7: Electricity
CHAPTER 7: ELECTRICITY
7.1 CHARGE AND ELECTRIC CURRENTVan de Graaf
1
.
What is a Van de Graaff generator? Fill in each of the boxes the name of the part shown.A device that
produces
and
store electric charges
at high voltage on its dome- 1 -
dome
rubber belt

Metal domeroller roller motor
++++++++++

JPN Pahang Physics Module Form 5Teachers Guide Chapter 7: Electricity
2.How are electrical charges produced by a Van de Graaff generator? And what type of charges is usually produced on the dome of the generator?
When the motor of the Van de Graaff generator is switched on, it drives the
rubber

belt.
This causes the rubber belt to against the
roller
and hence becomes
charged
.
The charge is then carried by the moving belt up to the
metal dome
where it iscollected.
A large amount of
charge
is built up on the dome
Positive
charges are usually produced on the dome of the generator
.
3.What will happen if the charged dome of the Van de Graaff is connected to the earthvia a micrometer? Explain.
There is a
deflection
of the pointer of the meter.
This indicates an electric current
flow
.- 2 -

JPN Pahang Physics Module Form 5Teachers Guide Chapter 7: Electricity
4.Predict what will happen if a dischargingmetal sphere to the charged dome.
When the discharging metal sphere is brought near the charged dome,
sparkling
occurs.
An electric current
flow
.
5. Predict what will happen if hair of astudent is brought near to the chargeddome. Give reasons for your answer.
The metal dome
attracts
the hair andthe hair stand
upright
.

This is because of each strand of hair receives
positive
charges and
repels
each other.6. The flow of electrical charges produces
electric current.
- 3 -