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2012 TRML個人賽詳解

# 2012 TRML個人賽詳解

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02/06/2013

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TRML

-2012

I-1.

3
，大圓的半徑為
5
。若中與小圓相切且半徑為
R

=
R

[解]：設大圓方程式為：
25
22
=+
y x

9
22
=+
y x

222
R y x
=+
=
R
3

222
)3(
R R y x
=++
B
(5, 0)

222
)3(
R R y x
=++
25
22
)3(
R R
=++

34
6
R
+
2
R
=
2
R

34=6
R
R
=
317

I-2.

x
,
y

10
2
=
xy
417loglog
=+
x y
y x
，則
y x
+

y
x
log=
4171
=+
04174
2
=+
0)4)(14(
=

= 4 or
=41
y
x
log= 4
y
=
x
4
521054
)2(2
===×=
x x x xy

x
= 4
25624
844
====
x y
y x
+
=260

Or
y
x
log=41
y
=
41
x
458104541
)2(2
===×=
x x x xy

x
=
8
2
42)2(
2418
===
y
y x
+
=260I-3.

52
，若此商人第一天在村莊甲，則此商人第四天也在村莊甲的機率為 [解]：設第
n

P
n
，轉移矩陣為

=
P
1
=
001
P
2
=
T P
1
=
P
3
=
T P
2
=
2542592512
P
4
=
T P
3
=
125541253612535
∴商人第四天也在村莊甲的機率為
12535=257

TRML

-2012

I-4.

a

( )( )
[ ]
aaa
5121
+=+
，其中
[ ]
x

x

a

[
]
a
>0
( )( )
[ ]
aaa
5121
+=+

N a
=
,5

1+5
a

aaa
522
2
+<
<
046036
22
aaaa

><+ +
00))133())(133(( 0))323())((323((
aaaaa

133323
++
a

a
6.6=533
I-5.

1
22
+
y x

922
=++
z y x

0
=
z

922
=++
z y x
(0,0,9)

z
=0
z
=18

21
π
•1
•18=9
π

I-6.

ㄧ圓周上給定八各相異的點，每兩點連成一弦。已知這些弦在圓內部共有
m

8

m

70
84
=

m
=70
8
32
+8=54
TRML

-2012

I-7.

a
b

3212
=+++
ba
，則這樣的數對
( )
ba
,

3212
=+++
ba

=+=+
3|2| 0|1|
ba
or
=+=+
1|2| 1|1|
ba

(
a
,
b
)

1
×
2+2
×
2=6

I-8.

x
,
y
,
z

x z z y y x
2244
222
555
+++
++

5
ାସ௬
5
ସ௬
ାଶ௭
൅5
ାଶ௬
3•
ඥ 5
ାସ௬
ା௭
ାଶ௫ାସ௬ାଶ௭
=3•
ඥ 5
ሺ௫ାଵሻ
ାሺଶ௬ାଵሻ
ାሺ௭ାଵሻ
ିଷ
3
535
33
=

min.=53
I-9.

7

2,2,2,3,3,5,5
，今從這
7

32

2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 5, 5

2

32

n
=2
3
3
2
5
2

(3+ 1)(2+ 1)(2+ 1)=
36

1, 2, 3, 5

32

(1+ 2+ 2
2
+ 2
3
)( 1+ 3+ 3
2
)( 1+ 5+ 5
2
)
(1+ 2+ 3+ 5)=15
13
31
11=6034

TRML

-2012

I-10.

ABC

AC  AB
=
°
=
40
A
，且
P
AB

°
=
120
APC
，則
=
BC  AP
[解]：
B
=
ACB
=70
˚，
ACP
=20
˚，
BPC
=60
˚，在Δ
ACP

oo
40sin20sin
CP AP
=
oo
40sin20sin
=
CP AP
…○
1

BCP

oo
60sin70sin
BC PC
=
oo
60sin70sin
=
BC CP
…○
2
1
×
2
BC  AP
=
oooo
60sin40sin 70sin20sin =333140sin2340sin2140sin2320cos20sin
===
ooooo

I-11.

( )
β α
++=
x x x f
2
2

( )
0,
( )
0,
s
( )
358,5

s

=
β
[解]：
β α
++=
x x x f
2
2)(=))((2))((2)(
2
rs xs xs x x x f
++==

s
+
=2
α
2
β
=
rs
β α
++×==
552358)5(
2
f
503585
=+
β α

4082)22(5
=+
or
204)(5
=+

(
5)(
s
5)=
204+25=
179=(
1)
×
179
s

5 1s5 ൌ 179
ൌ 4s ൌ 184
or
5 ൌ 179s5 1
ൌ 184s ൌ 4

=
β
rs
2
=2
×
4
×
184=1472

AP B