DNS code will serve others as a robust, extensible platform for computational turbulenceresearch.Second, we propose characterizing which regions of an ablative TPS on a blunt-bodiedvehicle can sustain turbulence. Given the strength of the favorable pressure gradients foundin these ﬂows, it is reasonable to expect that a contiguous region extending some distance ra-dially from the stagnation point simply cannot maintain turbulence. Rather than taking theclassical transition modeling approach and seeking where laminar-turbulent transition oc-curs, this study instead will map where turbulence cannot survive. The supersonic temporalboundary layer DNS code will be reused to perform a parametric study exploring pointwiseﬂow conditions found within simulations like those in Bauman et al. . Fully turbulentﬁelds will be initialized and evolved at local conditions taken from such simulations. We willsay the conditions cannot sustain turbulence if the ﬁeld relaminarizes. This test is conserva-tive because, unlike the true reentry scenario, disturbances cannot exit a periodic simulationdomain. To keep the calculations tractable, aerothermochemistry will be neglected and theablative TPS will be emulated by wall transpiration. We intend to search the rich parameterspace of relevant ﬂow conditions (consisting of Reynolds number, Mach number, boundarylayer thickness, pressure gradient strength, and wall transpiration rate) by traversing thetwo-dimensional surface of the blunt-bodied reentry vehicle. Starting from just upstream of the heat shield’s rounded edge, the relaminarization test will be repeated at local conditionstaken closer and closer to the stagnation point until the edge of the turbulence-sustainingregion is detected. The exploration will inform us where turbulence models should not beemployed when simulating these reentry ﬂows.Conceptually, this numerical relaminarization experiment is akin to the classical varia-tional energy method, popularized by Serrin , for determining the stability of a laminarﬂow to arbitrary disturbances. Characterizing the nonlinear stability of a compressible, vis-cous, ideal gas with an upper free boundary remains an open analysis problem accordingto Padula . To both add insight to and aid execution of our study, we propose usingthe energy method framework to analyze the equations governing the evolution of nonlinearperturbation energy within the homogenized boundary layer. Numerically-obtained, term-by-term budgets will guide the analysis and may illuminate valid simplifying assumptions.The goal is to produce a relaminarization diagnostic capturing perturbation energy decaycriteria for blunt-bodied reentry ﬂows. Ultimately, the diagnostic may lead to a conser-vative transition model useful to engineering practitioners working on behalf of cost- anduncertainty-constrained decision makers.
A list of contributions follows. Each contribution is annotated with therelated Computational Science, Engineering, and Mathematics program areas: (
) Applica-ble Mathematics, (
) Numerical Analysis and Scientiﬁc Computation, and (
) Mathemat-ical Modeling and Applications.
Creation of manufactured solutions for the relevant Navier-Stokes formulation
Creation of a new Fourier/B-spline pseudo-spectral channel code (“Suzerain”)
Creation of a new parallel IO library for storing DNS simulation ﬁelds (“ESIO”)
Creation of a library for auto-tuned parallel pencil decompositions (“underling”)
Design of an uncertainty estimation procedure for autocorrelated turbulent statistics