Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Study Guide: Ishikawa Jun “Moon Gems” (Meigetsushu, 1946)

Study Guide: Ishikawa Jun “Moon Gems” (Meigetsushu, 1946)

|Views: 6,969|Likes:
Published by Beholdmyswarthyface
Study Guide: Ishikawa Jun “Moon Gems” (Meigetsushu, 1946)
Study Guide: Ishikawa Jun “Moon Gems” (Meigetsushu, 1946)

More info:

Published by: Beholdmyswarthyface on Feb 06, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Lit 365: Morrison
Study Guide: Ishikawa Jun
Moon Gems
, 1946)
There are moments when the radical gesture is to do nothing
”–Slavoj Žižek 
,March 14, 2007 interview with
 Soft Targets
.Terms/Cultural Particularities1.
One of the most popular Shinto deities of Japan; the patron deity of the Minamoto clan and of warriors in general; often referred to as the god of war.Hachiman is commonly regarded as the deification of Ojin, the 15th emperor of Japan.He is seldom worshipped alone, however, and Hachiman shrines are most frequently dedicated to three deities, the emperor Ojin, his mother the empress Jingo, and thegoddess Hime-gami
 A S
hintō shri
ne dedicated to the gods of war; in this story,probably the Tomioka Hachiman located in the blue-collar Fukagawa district of Tokyo.One of more than sixty Hachiman shrines in Tokyo, the Tomioka Hachiman Shrine
was built around 1625, and is dedicated to the war god, Hachiman. Many of Japan
s major cities
especially cities that have served at the headquarters of the
military government
have shrines to Hachiman.3. Firebombing of Tokyo
: A total of sixty-seven Japanese cities werefirebombed by US forces during WWII. The firebombing of Tokyo began in early 1945and continued up through the final days of the war. The worst damage was suffered onMach 10, 1945, when approximately 100,000 civilians were killed and over 1,000,000homes destroyed. Other than the nuclear attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, theMarch 10 Tokyo air raids proved to be the deadliest single attack on the Japanesemainland by US forces. The bombing referred to in this story is the infamous March 10 bombing.4.
Mad poems.
with a humorous or witty cast of language orthought,
and goes on to note that
 word plays involving several meanings wereespecially popular
, 287). The genre, it points out, was intended to
appeal to apopular audience
(287). Among the major collections of 
, which is said to begin
 with the Gyōgetsubō’
 Sake Hyakushu
in the early 14
century, is the joint work of Ōta
Nampo and Akera Kankō, titled
 Manzai Kyōkashū
and compiled in 1783 (361). The
also notes in the same entry:
were composed from fairly early times, as early as the Kamakura period. But at that period
was so highly esteemed that
was a contradiction in terms, an oxymoron. That factexplains why 
really developed in Muromachi, and chiefly in Edo, times. Giventhe cultivation necessary to effect difference, and the desire to write poems that madethe difference, it will be clear that the practice was chiefly that of the warrior aristocracy and of learned townspeople
Ōta Nanpo
(1749-1823), aka Shokusanjin
: a late Edo writer of 
poetry, who also wrote
and otherkinds of prose. He is best remembered though for his seminal works of poetry, mostnotably 
 Shokusan hyakushu
 A Thousand 
Centuries of Kyōka
, 1783), and
 Neboke sensei bunshū
 Professor Sleepy Head 
s Poems
, 1767) (
, 216). According to Tyler, he was
the grand master of the
and was both a
samurai bureaucrat and a literary light
(188). He wasto twentieth-
century writers Ishikawa and Kafū the supreme model of Edo culture and
elegance, admired for his
anti-establishment stance and iconoclastic humor, hiscultivated air of aloofness, his uncompromising adroitness at playing the game of public versus private personae (
), his disdain for personal revelation, and hisability to generate fictions or fabrications that have an artistic integrity independent of the author
s life
(189). In a time when the I-novel dominated literary salons,
Ishikawasurely found Nanpo
transparency to be enviably cool
(189).6. Epiphany:
 A Moment of sudden insight. With an upper case
, Epiphany is aChristian festival that celebrates the appearance of Christ in this world to the Magi, andis celebrated on January 6. In a literary context, it retains a sense of higher, sometimesmystical awareness of how the world actually is (a form of subjective truth). There aremany authors, such as George Herbert and William Wordsworth, whose poems seem tocontain epiphanic moments. But the term is specifically associated with James Joyce, who used the term himself, and whose characters (particularly those in Dubliners)undergo moments of epiphany. Joyce thought it was the writer
s task to record theseflashes of truth when they appear
(Auger, 100).
7. Transcendent Impulse: My term for the impulse (toward transcendence or some sortof mystical experience) that is discernible in many of Ishikawa
s narrators. Needless tosay, this impulse is always thwarted by the conditions of reality.8. Emperor Mu of the Zhou Dynasty (
; circa 985-907 BC) and the EightStallions:
The Eight horses of Emperor Mu was a popular decoration on porcelainfrom the Transitional into the Yongzheng period (1723-35). The story originates from ahistorical romance, the
 Mu tianzhi zhuan
(An Account of Emperor Mu), whichdescribes the journeys of the fifth emperor of the Zhou dynasty (1023-983 BC) during which he met
 Xi Wang Mu
, the Queen Mother of the West, at
(the Jade Pond).During these travels the emperor
s chariot was pulled by eight horses named afterthe color of their hair. Another account, the fourth-century book the
(Researchesinto Lost Records) has it that the horses
names reflected their unusual talents; Number1 gallops without touching the ground; Number 2 runs faster than birds; Number 3goes especially fast at night; Number 4 goes as fast as the shadow of the sun; Number 5is especially well-groomed with a splendid mane; Number 6 runs so fast that one cansee a row of ten images of him; Number 7 rides on a cloud; Number 8 has wings.The Eight Horses of Wang Mu became a popular subject among later poets andartists and a symbol for the vehicle or journeys of any emperor
(Gotheborg).9. The Toribeno Cemetary 
: the customary site for cremation and burial inKyoto, in the western slopes of Higashiyama. It appears in
Genji monogatari 
and isreferred to in the
: Literati; Japanese term equivalent to the Chinese
, designatingthose who devoted themselves to studying literature and the arts
(Frédéric, 91).11. Superfluous Man (or
lishny chelovek
in Russian):
a character type whose frequentrecurrence in 19th-century Russian literature is sufficiently striking to make him anational archetype. He is usually an aristocrat, intelligent, well-educated, and informed by idealism and goodwill but incapable, for reasons as complex as Hamlet
s, of engaging in effective action
(Encyclopedia Britannica). Though Watashi gives us noclues regarding his family 
s social status, he certainly fits the rest of this description.Study Questions Answer all of the following.

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->