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Table Of Contents

Introduction
Water needs
Livestock
Irrigation
Fish production
Field and orchard spraying
Fire protection
Recreation
Waterfowl and other wildlife
Landscape quality
Multiple purposes
Preliminary investigations
General considerations
Area adequacy of the drainage
Minimum pond depth
Drainage area protection
Landscape evaluation
Pond capacity
Estimating storm runoff
Hydrologic groupings of soils
Runoff curve numbers
Table 2 Runoff curve numbers for agricultural lands 1/
Table 3 Runoff curve numbers for other agricultural lands 1/
Table 4 Runoff curve numbers for arid and semiarid rangelands 1/
Volume of storm runoff
Table 5 Runoff depth, in inches
Rainfall amounts and expected frequency
Rainfall distribution
Peak discharge rate
Time of concentration
Figure 16 Time of concentration (Tc) nomograph
Average watershed slope
Flow length
I a/P ratio
Table 6 Ia values for runoff curve numbers
Estimating peak discharge rates
Example 1 Estimating peak discharge rates
Figure 17aUnit peak discharge (qu) for Type I storm distribution
Figure 17cUnit peak discharge (qu) for Type II storm distribution
Embankment ponds
Detailed soils investigation
Site surveys
Spillway requirements
Table 7 Minimum spillway design storm
Table 8 Permissible velocity for vegetated spillways 1/
Table 9 Guide to selection of vegetal retardance
Figure 21 Excavated earth spillway
Pipes through the dam
Figure 23 Drop-inlet pipe spillways
Table 12 Discharge values for smooth pipe drop inlets 1/
Table 13 Discharge values for corrugated metal pipe drop inlets 1/
Figure 24 Dam with hooded inlet pipe spillway
Figure 25 Pipe inlet spillways that have trash rack and antivortex baffle
Figure 26 Water is piped through the dam’s drainpipe to a stockwater trough
Planning an earthfill dam
Table 16 Recommended side slopes for earth dams
Table 18 Volume of material needed for the earthfill
Staking for construction
Building the pond
Excavated ponds
Soils
Spillway and inlet requirements
Planning the pond
Sealing the pond
Compaction
Clay blankets
Bentonite
Chemical additives
Waterproof linings
Establishing vegetation
Protecting the pond
Wave action
Operating and maintaining the pond
Pond safety
Before construction
During construction
After completion
References
Glossary
Appendix A Estimating the Volume of an Excavated Pond
Appendix B Flood-Tolerant Native Trees and Shrubs
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Pond Construction

Pond Construction

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Published by Andrei Ciobanu
DIY pond
DIY pond

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Andrei Ciobanu on Feb 07, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/02/2013

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