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Refuting the Hadeeth of Abu Musa Used to Permit Music

Refuting the Hadeeth of Abu Musa Used to Permit Music

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Refuting the Hadeeth of Abu Musa Used to Permit Music
Refuting the Hadeeth of Abu Musa Used to Permit Music

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Published by: The Final Revelation on Feb 07, 2013
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For more Islamic Literature visit :www.the-finalrevelation.blogspot.com 
Whom so ever does not recite Quran in a loud and beautiful voice, he isnot amongst us.(Saheeh al-Bukhaari , hadith no. 7527)
Here the word “
does not means chant or singing, rather it meansa sweet melodious voice as imam Ahmed said in Al-Magni 10/161;Imam as-Shaa
fi’i ; Ibn abi Malikih;
Abdullah ibn Mubarak; and otherssaid so [Ref: Fath-al-Bari 9/70]Allamah manzoor copied from Imam Ibn al-Arabi that when the Arabsused to travel , they used to hymn melodies or sing songs which in otherwords can be called as travelling songs. These arabs also used to sing inthe gatherings of the prophet (s.a.w) , but the prophet (s.a.w)commanded them to recite the Quran with a melodious voice (instead of singing the songs)[Ref: al-Lisaan Al-Arab 19/373]This same saying has been copied by Allamah Zubaidi in Taj al-A'aroos(10/272) and Haafidh Ibn Hajar classed it as Qaul-e-hasan in Fath-al-Bari 9/70.
For more Islamic Literature visit :www.the-finalrevelation.blogspot.com 
Rather than chanting and singing songs, the prophet (s.a.w) commandedus to make a habit of reciting Quran in a melodious voice. The abovenarration shows the prohibition of music but the music lovers use thisnarration to show the permissibility of music.Al Haafidh Ibn Qayyu
m said that this hadith doesn’t approve singing or
music, rather it shows that in such situations
(as that of the arabs duringtravel or etc one must)
recite the Quran, for if you are forced to fulfillyour hobby then do it by reciting Quran but do not use some other(prohibited) means. [Ref: Kashf Al-Gataa , pg: 203, 204]
The hadeeth of Abu musa al Asha
ari and itsexplanation in brief 
 Yet Some people get confused by another narration which states :
:" "
It was narrated by Abu Musa that the prophet (s.a.w) said to him’ “O
Abu Musa! You have been given one of the musical wind-Instruments of the family of David (Vol: 6 Book :61 Hadith: 568).In this narration the word
” is used.
As for those who take theliteral meaning have translated this word in
to “
” and
mis-using and mis-portraying this hadeeth, we have some interpolatedversions of the bible , stating that the Prophet (s.a.w) has authenticatedbible which praises God using musical instruments (such as songs andetc) (Ishraaq, pg:38).
The word “mizmar”
literally means musical instrument but in thisnarration it means sweet melodious voice.Haafidh ibn Hajar (r.h) said:
here means a sweet melodiousvoice. Mizmar is an instrument; it is compared with the voice only
For more Islamic Literature visit :www.the-finalrevelation.blogspot.com 
because of its beautiful melody (and not to authenticate or permit theusage of the instrument).This very same meaning (and understanding) has been described byA
llamah A’aini in Umdah al
-Qari vol:20 Pg:56 and by many otherMuhaddith. Thus it does not mean that Abu Musa (r.a) used to play theinstrument and recite Quran or that Dawood (a.s) use to praise Allah byplaying musical instruments.Al Haafidh Ibn Katheer describes this virtue of Dawood (a.s) in histafseer : ( SurahAl-'Anbya':79 vol:3 pg:252)
(And We subjected the mountains and the birds to glorify Ourpraises along with Dawud.)
This refers to the beauty of his voice when he recited his Book, Az-Zaboor. When he (Dawood) recited it in a beautiful manner, the birdswould stop and hover in the air, and would repeat after him, and themountains would respond and echo his words. The Prophet passed byAbu Musa Al-Ash`ari (r.a) while he was reciting the Qur'an at night, andhe had a very beautiful voice. So he (s.a.w) stopped and listened to hisrecitation, and said:This man has been given one of the wind instruments (nice voices) of the family of Dawud. He (Abu Musa) said: "O Messenger of Allah, if I hadknown that you were listening, I would have done my best for you.''If we take in the literal meaning and derive an understanding from thishadeeth as if this hadeeth permits the usage of musical instruments ormusic then Na
udhubillah , this implies the permissibility to sing orrecite the Qur
an accompanied with musical instruments and this is agrave error and it is possible that some (weak intellect minded) peoplemight use this understanding and issue a fatwa permitting such an act.

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