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Blasting Manual

# Blasting Manual

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01/11/2013

8
THE BLASTER’S GUIDE
BLAST DESIGN FORMULAS
AbsoluteBulkStrength(ABS)
ABS
E
= Absolute bulk strength of the explosive[cal/cc] AWS
E
= Absolute weight strength of the explosive[cal/g]d
E
= Density of the explosive [g/cm
3
]
ABS
AWS
VARIABLES and [UNITS]
AbsoluteWeightStrength(AWS)
RBS AWS
462.7
AWS
E
= Absolute weight strength of the explosive[cal/g]RBS
E
= Relative bulk strength of the explosive[ANFO = 100]d
E
= Density of the explosive [g/cm
3
]
VARIABLES and [UNITS]
AcutualScaledDistanceFormula
DSD
Actual Scaled Distance
SDD
Minimum Distance
2
    
SDD
Maximum Charge Weight per DelaySD = Scaled distance factorW = Charge weight per delay [lb]D = Distance [ft]
VARIABLES and [UNITS]
E
b
= Length of base charge of high densityexplosives [ft]B = Average burden [ft]J = Sub-drilling depth [ft]
Base-ChargeLengthFormula
B
b
0.3 0.5
VARIABLES and [UNITS]
FORMULANAME
VARIABLES and [UNITS]
FORMULA
Variables used in formula and required units in[brackets]. If input variables are not in requiredunits, then you must use the unit conversion tables.

9
THE BLASTER’S GUIDE
B = Burden [ft]d
e
= Density of the explosives [g/cm
3
]d
r
= Density of the rock [g/cm
3
]D
e
= Diameter of fully coupled explosive column [in]
BurdenFormula
     
r ee
DB
1.52
VARIABLES and [UNITS]
H = Face Height [ft]D = Blast-hole Diameter [in]
DH
FaceHeightFormula
5 10
VARIABLES and [UNITS]
BLAST DESIGN FORMULAS
T
= Minimum length of stone deckconsisting of particles of size T
s
[ft]D = Blast-hole diameter [in]
D
5.0
For Wet HolesFor Dry Holes
D
0.1
DeckStemmingFormula
VARIABLES and [UNITS]
Hole-to-HoleDelayTimeFormula
SD
hth
50
D
hth
= Delay time between holes in a row [ms]S = Spacing between holes in a row [ft]
Hole-to-Hole Delay Times to Improve Fragmentation
ms/ft
Sands, Loams, Marls and Coals
1.8 - 2.1
Some Limestones, Rock Shale and some Shales
1.5 - 1.8
Compact Limestones and Marbles, some Granitesand Basalts, Quartzite Rocks and some Gneissesand Gabbros
1.2 - 1.50.9 - 1.2
Rock Type ms/f
Diabase, Diabase Porphyrites, Compact Gneisses,and Mica Schists and Magnetites
VARIABLES and [UNITS]