of March 2009
cities, countries or institutes have shown us that neighbour noise is annoying the peoplethe most. People often report noise from mopeds and scooters as the second category of nuisance. Or sent in a lot of complaints about it. These findings could be important for politicians and policy makers in order to prioritize them. Assuming that the municipalityhas the resources and the powers to mitigate the noise. Not only the traffichas increaseddramatically the lastdecades, see thefigure below. Alsothe number of noisyequipment inhouseholds hasincreased. In thesixties a family housecomprised a washingmachine, a vacuumcleaner, a radio andsometimes a television. Nowadays a family house comprises a lot of equipment likenumerous televisions and radio’s and other audio equipment, a fridge, a freezer, a dishwasher, drilling machines, sewing and sawing machines, a motorized lawn mower, leave blowers and so on. And this produces noise. Apart from that the houses are furniture withwooden or tiled floors, no curtains, no carpets, wooden stairs without carpet cover and last but not least people have more time and money to spend and are more at home, recreating,outgoing et cetera. And all those activities are causing noise too.
Harmful effects of Noise
As reported by many institutions and scientist in the past decades, noise especially longlasting noise causes health effects in humans. As mentioned in the introduction, most of the people assume that noise is only causing annoyance. But this is not the case at all. Noise can cause harmful effects in people. The most known effects beside annoyance aresleep disturbance, hearing impairment, high blood pressure, cardio vascular diseases,cognitive effects like reading and memory impairment, fear and getting depressed,deterioration of the immune system and congenital effects.
> 55Myocardial infarcts+++L
> 55Hearing impairment+++L
Aq, 24 hr
70Decreased performing+Immune system+
Table 1: effects of noise
The category Ischemic Heart Diseases embraces a wide range of diseases likeangina pectoris, pain on the breast and others. In general it can be said that enoughevidence is found for this category. But for some of the diseases which are knownunder Ischemic Heart Diseases there is only limited evidence. Distortion of theimmune system was found in some surveys while other investigations could not
European strategies for noise reduction and noise management in cities