Roll” was originally a humorous tale about adult love, but was transformed into an energetic dance.In 1959, Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and the Big Bopper (J. P. Richardson) were killed in a planecrash. This inspired Don McLean’s popular ballad in 1971, called “American Pie”, and the February3 was known as “The Day the Music Died”. These three, along with Presley, was the first teen idols.Elvis Presley also died devastating, due to overweight. Later The Beatles, Paul Anka, FrankieAvalon and The Monkeys had an appeal to teenage audiences. Teen idols were known for goodlooks and catchy pop music, where a good look was a huge part of their success. This is the beginning of teen magazines, where magazines like 16 Magazine and Tiger Beat monthly featured a popular teen idol on the cover.This enormous movement brought blues artists to Britain, and inspired the young people, includingJohn Lennon and Paul McCartney, who formed “the Quarrymen”, and later developed into “TheBeatles”. The American rock and roll, which had grown world famous, certainly bloomed inBritain, as the youth started their own bands. Britain became a new centre of rock and roll.In 1958, three British teenagers became Cliff Richard and the Drifters (Later known as Cliff Richard and the Shadows), and were not only the first true British Rock and roll single, but also theera of British rock. After the success of the Beatles, a new term was created. Beatlemania, used todescribe fan frenzy, especially young teenage girls, toward The Beatles. A number of variationsused for different bands, such as menudomania or rollermania for two world famous bands.Beatlemania caused something unusual; The Beatles sold over 30 million records in America aloneduring 1964. The Beatles have sold 106.5 million albums in the USA in all time. Some of the mostfamous rock bands came from Britain as well, such as Black Sabbath, Led Zeppelin, The RollingStones, The Who, Pink Floyd, and Queen!In the early and mid 1960s Bob Dylan came in to the rock movement, and helped to start the trendof Folk rock and bringing protest songs to a wider public, and simply kept singing alongside withThe Byrds, Simon and Garfunkel Joni Mitchell, and Neil Young’s renewed folk rock.Psychedelia or psychedelic rock started out on the folk scene, with Holy Modal Roundersintroducing the term in 1964. This music was often connected with the opposition of the VietnamWar. In England, Pink Floyd developed an underground culture of psychedelic rock since 1965. In1966, the Beatles released their album Revolver, which contained psychedelia in Tomorrow Never Knows and in Yellow Submarine. The Beach Boys’ Pet Sounds contained psychedelia as well. Thesuper group Cream debuted, and Jimi Hendrix also got popular. In 1967, The Doors brought their first album, and as the years went by albums simple kept coming from the bands and artists.On to Progressive rock, this sub genre is exactly what it’s called. Bands simply experimented andmade progress within the rock music with different instruments, song types and musical forms. Pink Floyd, The Moody Blues and Golden Earring tried out with wind sections, string sections and evenfull orchestras. The music became sophisticated and had chord structures. There were manysuccessful bands, including Genesis, Electric Light Orchestra, Yes, and Soft Machine.Rock music had a less successful era, known as “bubble gum pop”, a part of soft rock; however, it brought out few bands. Though soft rock it self became quite popular, with big names such as BarryManilow, Neil Diamond and even Tina Turner, and groups such as The Carpenters and ElectricLight Orchestra.From mid to late 1970s, a second wave of British rock bands got popular, bands such as Cream, LedZeppelin, Deep Purple, Judas Priest, Queen and Black Sabbath. They were the foundation of heavymetal rock. Critics disliked this genre, as it simply was heavy. This genre also includes bands suchas AC/DC, Kiss and Aerosmith.This was also the time of Arena rock, as The Beatles, The Rolling Stones and The Who began live performances in stadiums and arenas, which created the arena rock bands. However, this wasentertainment companies that created it.