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Mental Retardation treatment and management

Mental Retardation treatment and management

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Published by Melchoniza Calago

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Melchoniza Calago on Feb 08, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 Treatment & Management
Medical Care
1.Early identification of children
with developmental delays.2.The mainstay of treatment of 
MR/ID is developing a
comprehensive managementplan for the condition.
3.Physical activity and obesity are
major contributors to disease inMR/ID.
 Treatment & Management
4. Pain:
Manifestations of pain in people
with severe to profound MR/IDinclude crying, screaming,grimacing, protective postures(eg, arching, fetal position),rocking, and aggression.
Common causes of acute pain
include dental caries/abscesses,
GERD, constipation, UTI,spasticity (when MR/ID isassociated with cerebral palsy),
pressure sores, and fractures.
 Treatment & Management
In addition, neuropathic pain due
to dysautonomia or motor spasms
may create chronic disturbances.
5. Written, verbal and pictoral forms
of communication as well asgestures and demonstrations are
helpful for those with MR/ID to
ensure mutual understanding andimprove treatment adherence.

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