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How to Respond to Climate Change Impacts in Urban Areas E-Paper

How to Respond to Climate Change Impacts in Urban Areas E-Paper

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1
Community-Based Adaptationto the Impacts of Climate Changein Urban Areas
Experiences from Ho Chi Minh CityManual for Community Action
How to respond to Climate Change Impactsin Urban Areas
 
 A Handbook for Community Action
 
2
Published by
Brandenburg University of Technology CottbusDepartment for Urban Planning and Spatial Design &enda Vietnam© 2011 Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus
ISBN 978-3-00-034353-7Authors
Ulrike Schinkel, Lê Diệu Ánh, Frank Schwartze
Team
Nguyễn Thị Xuân, Đào Đức Khánh, Nguyễn Ngọc Gióng, NguyễnThị Dung, Phạm Thị Việt Hà, Lê Mỹ Linh, Nguyễn Thị Thanh Phú,Nigel Downes, Paula Hentschel, Moritz Maikämper 
Acknowledgement
The CBA model project has been a joint initiative of the “Megacity Re-search Project TP. Ho Chi Minh - Integrative Urban and Environmental
Planning Framework Adaptation to Climate Change”, funded by theGerman Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), andenda Vietnam (Environment and Development in Action).
enda Vietnam is the Vietnamese antenna of enda Tiers Monde; enda
Vietnam‘s work focuses on community development, poverty reduction
and environmental improvement.
 
3
Preface
With this handbook, we attempt to make a
contribution to the current imperative discus-sion on climate change, its impacts felt on thelocal level by communities and opportunitiesfor adaptation and vulnerability reduction. It ispredominantly dedicated to urban communities
that are presently and will be in the future af 
-
fected by climate variability, by ooding and by
thermal discomfort. The handbook traces theadaptation approach of one local community inHo Chi Minh City and makes the tools utilised
available to other communities with a similar 
11
not built-upareabuilt-upareariverandcanalnetworkinundationduetosea-levelrise
 
Flooding Scenario for2050
taking into accountaprojectedsea-level riseof1,5m41327810116
 
59NhàBèBình ChánhHócMônGo VapTân BìnhTân Phú
Bình ThạnhPhú NhuậnThủ Đức
Bình Tân12M5
CausesofClimateChange-TheGreenhouseEffect
EARTH
..
ATMOSPHERE
Solarradiationpas-ses throughtheat-
mosphere. Asigni
-cant portionof solar radiationisabsorbedby theEarth‘s surfaceandwarms it.Someradiationis re-
ectedby theEarth‘s
surfaceandtheat-mosphere.TheEarth‘ssurfaceradiatestheheat backout towardsspace.Greenhousegases intheatmospheretrapaportionof theheatandleads torisingtemperatures.
This gurebrieyexplains theGreenhouseEffect, causingGlobalWarmingandClimateChange. AdaptedfromtheEuropeanCommission
28
 
M1
Risingtemperatures leadto
themelting of glaciers, theex
-
pansionof theoceans, tosea-
levelriseandtotheincreasinglikelihoodof tropicalstormsandheavy rainfallevents.
 
.
 
.
 
.
 
.
 
.
 
.
-
.
Water Channels
Construct water channels to
collect and discharge rainwater..
 .
FloodingOverheatingPollutionMobilityConstraintsDamageLossHealthConstraintsInstabilityof StructuresInundationMosquitoPlagueSoiling
ProblemTree
TheProblemTreetoolhighlights theunderlyingproblems andtheireffectsonthecommunity.
Step 1-Assessment:ClimateChangeImpactsand related ProblemsCommunityofHCMC, District4, Ward 8, Sub Ward 2
T3
exposure portfolio, as well as to civil societyorganizations and local governmental institu
-
tions which can support adaptation processeswithin their own spheres of inuence.Hereby, we would like to thank the local govern
-ment of District 4, Ward 8, and all members of enda Vietnam for their invaluable support.Nevertheless, this project could not have been
possible without the spirit and enthusiasm of the model community; to them we wish to ex
-press our heartfelt appreciation and our since-rest thanks.
How to read this Handbook
Climate Change -
The Global Perspective
Ho Chi Minh City -and its Vulnerability
 
Community-Based Adaptation - A Local-Level Approach
 
Do it yourself -
Low-Tech Adaptation Measures
Do it yourself -Participatory Tools
The handbook is divided up into ve parts: The1st part summarizes the causes and drivers of climate change from a global perspective, whe
-reas the 2nd part highlights the impacts on HoChi Minh City and on precarious settlementsin particular. In the 3rd part, community-basedadaptation is presented as one feasible ap-proach to respond to climate stimuli, outliningthe set-up, implementation and results of our model project. Part 4 gives instructions to sti-mulate adaptation processes in other commu-
nities and lists measures which can be easily
implemented. Parts 1 to 4 contain materials for 
capacity-building and awareness-raising; all
assessment, decision-making and evaluationtools used in the model project are compiledand prepared for individual use in part 5.
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