the jumper is only affected by gravity when airborne; his take off velocity isknown and set at 7,5 m/s; his velocity at the apex of his flight is zero;therefore we can use the equation 0=v+gt, 0=7,2m/s - 9,81m/s2 * t, t= 0,73s; since the projection height and landing height are equal the time it takes toreach the apex is one half of the total flight time and FT=2t=1.46s).
3.8) Flight height?
Countermove jumpANSWER 0,41 m(same reasoning as before but this time we need to find the maximum height;therefore we use the equation 0=v
+2gh with v
=2,87m/s and g=-9,81m/s
;we find that h= 0.41 m)Squat jumpANSWER 2,66 m(same reasoning as before but this time we need to find the maximum height;therefore we use the equation 0=v
+2gh with v
=7,23m/s and g=-9,81m/s
;we find that h= 2.66 m)
Answer in a few words the following questions:1. What does a longer flight time imply about jump height?
1) the jump height is higher2.
Compare the calculated and measured (from the graph) flight time.What might be the reason for differences?
Countermove: FT from graph is 0,62 s; calculated FT is 0,58 s.Squat: FT from graph is 0,59 s; calculated FT is 1,46s.The reason for differences might be approximation related to measuringdirectly from the graph.3.
Compare the force-time curves for the two vertical jumps. Whatmight be the reason for the differences in jump height?
The following explanation is based on both mechanical and physiologicalreasons.In the countermoving jump the total mechanical work performed is greaterthan in the squat jump.How high a person can reach after a jump, depends on the Kinetic Energy attake-off which is equal to the mechanical work carried out during the jump(see principle of work and energy).