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Techniques for design
1.1 INTRODUCTION
1.2 OCCURRENCE OF LATERALL Y LOADED PILES
1.3 NA TURE OF THE SOIL RESPONSE
1.4 RESPONSE OF A PILE
1.4.1 lntroduction
1.5.3 Rigid pi/e and plastic soil
1.5.4 Characteristic load method
1.5.5 Nonlinear pi/e and p-y modelfor soil
1.6 MODELS FOR GROUPS OF PILES UNDER LATERAL LOADING
i.7 STATUS OF CURRENT STATE-OF-THE-ART
Derivation of equations and methods of solution
2.1 INTRODUCTION
2.2 DERIVA TION OF THE DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION
2.2.1 Solution ofreducedform of differential equation
2.2.2 Solution ofthe differential equation by difference equations
2.3 SOLUTION FOR Epy = kpyx
2.3 .! Dimensional analysis
2.3.2 Equationsfor Epy = kpyX
2.3.3 Examp/e solution
2.3.4 Discussion
2.4 V ALIDITY OF THE MECHANICS
Models for response of soil and weak rock
3.1 INTRODUCTION
3.2 MECHANICS CONCERNING RESPONSE OF SOIL TO LATERAL LOADING
3 .2.1 Stress-deformation of soil
3.2.2 Proposed mode/for decay ofEs
3.3 INFLUENCE OF DIAMETER ON p-y CURVES
3.3.1 Clay
3.3.2 Sand
3.4 fNFLUENCE OF CYCLIC LOADfNG
3.4.2 Sand
3.5 EXPERIMENTAL METHODS OF OBTAINING p-y CURVES
3.5.1 Soil responsefrom direct measurement
3.5.2 Soil responsefi·om experimental moment curves
3.5.3 Nondimensional methodsfor obtaining soil response
3.6 EARL Y RECOMMENDATIONS FOR COMPUTING p-y CURVES
3.6.1 Terzaghi
3. 7 p-y CURVES FOR CLAYS
3.7.1 Selection ofstiffness ofclay
3.7.2 Response of soft clay in the presence offree water
3.7.3 Response ofsti.ff clay in the presence offree water
3. 7.4 Response of stiff el ay with no free water
3.8 p-y CURVES FOR SANOS ABOYE AND BELOW THE WATER TABLE
3 .8. 1 Detailed procedure
3.8.2 Recommended soil tests
3.8.3 Example curves
3.9 p-y CURVES FOR LA YERED SOILS
3.9.2 Example p-y curves
3.10 p-y CURVES FOR SOIL WITH BOTH COHESION ANDA FRICTION ANGLE
3.10.1 Background
3.1 O .2 Recommendations for computing p-y curves
3.1 0.3 Discussion
3.11 OTHER RECOMMENDATIONS FOR COMPUTING p-y CURVES
3.11.1 Clay
3.11.2 Sand
3.12 MODIFICA TIONS TO p-y CURVES FOR SLOPING GROUND
3 .12.2 Equations for ultimate resistance in el ay
3.12.3 Equationsfor ultimate resistance in sand
3.13 EFFECT OF BATTER
3.14 SHEARING FORCE AT BOTTOM OF PILE
3.15 p-yCURVES FOR WEAKROCK
3.15 .4 Comments on equations for predicting p-y curves for rock
3.16 SELECTION OF p-y CURVES
3.16.1 lntroduction
3.16.2 Factors to be considered
3. 16.3 Specific suggestions
4.1 INTRODUCTION
4.4 STRESS-STRAIN CURVES FOR NORMAL-WEIGHT CONCRETE AND STRUCTURAL STEEL
4.5 IMPLEMENTATION OF THE METHOD FOR A STEEL H-SECTION
4.6 IMPLEMENTA TION OF THE METHOD FOR A STEEL PIPE
4.7 IMPLEMENTATION OF THE METHOD FOR A REINFORCED-CONCRETE SECTION
4. 7.1 Example computations for a square shape
4.7.2 Example computationsfor a circular shape
4.8 APPROXIMATION OF MOMENT OF INERTIA FOR A REINFORCED- CONCRETE SECTION
5.1 INTRODUCTION
5.2 APPROACH TO ANALYSIS OF GROUPS OF PILES
5.4.1 Jntroduction
5 .4.2 Equations for a two-dimensional group of pi! es
5.5 LATERALL Y LOADED PILES
5.5.2 Effect ofbatter
5.6 AXIALL Y LOADED PILES
5.6.1 Jntroduction
5.6.2 Relevant parameters concerning deforma/ion of soi/
5.6.4 Methods offormulating axial-stiffness curves
Finite difference equation
. 7 Load-transfer curves
5. 7.1 Modification of load-transfer curves for clase/y spaced pi/es
5.9 ANAL YSIS OF AN EXPERIMENT WITH BATTER PILES
5.9.1 Description ofthe testing arrangement
5.9.2 Properties ofthe sand
5.9.4 Pi/e group
5.9.5 Experimental curve of axial load versus settlementfor single pi/e
5.9.6 Resultsfrom experiment andfrom analysis
5.9.7 Comments on analytica! method
6.2.4 Scour
6.2.6 Ship impact
6.2.7 Loadsfrom miscellaneous sources
6.3 SINGLE PILES OR GROUPS OF PILES SUBJECTED TO ACTIVE LOADING
6.3.2 Breasting dolphin
6.3.3 Pilefor anchoring a ship in soft soil
6.3.4 Offshore platjorm
6.5.3 Pile-supported mat at the Pyramid Building
6.5.4 Pi/es for stabilizing a slope
Case studies
7.1 INTRODUCTION
7.2 PILES INST ALLED INTO COHESIVE SOILS WITH NO FREE WATER
7.2.2 Houston
7.2 .3 Brent Cross
7.2.4 Japan
7.3 PILES INSTALLED INTOCOHESIVE SOILS WITH FREE WATER ABOYE GROUND SURF ACE
7.3.1 Lake Austin
7.3.2 Sabine
7.3.3 Manar
7.4 PILES INSTALLED IN COHESIONLESS SOILS
7.4.1 Mustang Jsland
7.4.2 Garston
7 .4.3 Arkansas River
7.5 PILES lNSTALLED INTO LAYERED SOILS
7.5.1 Talisheek
7.5.2 Alcácer do Sol
7.5.3 Florida
7.5.4 Apapa
7.6.1 Kuwait
7.6.2 Los Angeles
7.9 COMMENTS ON CASE STUDIES
Testing of full-sized piles
8.1 INTRODUCTION
8.1.1 Scope of presentation
8.1.3 Classification oftests
8. 1.4 Features unique to testing ofpiles under lateralloading
8.2 DESIGNING THE TEST PROGRAM
8.2.1 Planningfor the testing
8.3 SUBSURF ACE INVESTIGA TION
8.4 INST ALLA TION OF TEST PILE
8.6.2 Instrumenta/ion
8. 7 TESTING FOR DESIGN OF PRODUCTION PILES
8.7.1 Introduction
8.7.3 Example Computation
8.8.1 lntroduction
8.8.2 Preparation of test pi! es
8.8.4 Jnstrumentation
8.8.6 Soif borings and laboratory tests
8.8.7 Installation oftest pi/es
8.8.14 !nterpretation ofbending moment curves to obtain p-y curves
8.9 SUMMARY
Implementation of factors of safety
9.1 INTRODUCTION
9.2 LIMIT STA TES
9.3 CONSEQUENCES OF A FAILURE
9.4 PHILOSOPHY CONCERNING SAFTEY COEFFICIENT
9.5 INFLUENCE OF NATURE OF STRUCTURE
9.6 SPECIAL PROBLEMS IN CHARACTERIZING SOIL
9.6.1 lntroduction
9.6.2 Characteristic values ofsoil parameters
9.7 LEVEL OF QUALITY CONTROL
9.8 TWO GENERAL APPROACHES TO SELECTION OF FACTOR OF SAFETY
9.9 GLOBAL APPROACH
9.9.2 Recommendations ofthe American Petroleum /nstitute (API)
9.10.1 Introduction
9.1 0.3 Example computations
9.11 METHOD OF LOAD AND RESISTANCE FACTORS (LRFD)
9 .11.2 Loads addressed by the LRFD specifications
9.11.3 Resistances addressed by the LP.FD specifications
9.12 CONCLUDING COMMENT
Suggestions for design
10.1 INTRODUCTION
10.2 RANGE OF FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED IN DESIGN
10.3 VALIDATION OF RESULTS FROM COMPUTATIONS FOR SINGLE PILE
1 0.3.1 Introduction
10.3.2 Solution of example problems
10.3.3 Check of echo print of input data
10.3.4 Investiga/ion of/ength ofword employed in interna! computations
10.3.5 Selection oftolerance and length ofincrement
1 0.3.6 Check of soil resistance
10.3.7 Check ofmechanics
10.3.8 Use ofnondimensional curves
10.5 ADDITIONAL STEPS IN DESIGN
1 0.5.2 Peer review
10.5.3 Technical contributions
1 0.5.4 The design team
Broms method for analysis of single piles under lateralloading
Nondimensional curves for piles under lateralloading for case where Epy = kpy x
Eurocode principies related to geotechnical design
Discussion of factor of safety related to piles under axial load
References
Author Index
Subject lndex
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Single Piles and Pile Groups Under Lateral Loading

# Single Piles and Pile Groups Under Lateral Loading

Ratings: 0|Views: 2,369|Likes:
geotechnical engineering and foundation engineering
geotechnical engineering and foundation engineering

Published by: hrpo on Feb 08, 2013

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