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Danio

Danio

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Published by REXTERYX

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Published by: REXTERYX on Feb 08, 2013
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11/28/2013

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Data Sheet
 
Scientific Name:
 
Brachydanio ~
 
Other Names:
 
Zebra Danio, Pearl Danio, Leopard Danio,Gold Danio
 
Family:
 
Cyprinidae
 
Origin:
 
Asia,
 
Adult Size:
 
2 inches (6cm)
 
Social:
 
Peaceful schooling fish
 
Lifespan:
 
5 years
 
Tank Level:
 
All
 
Minimum TankSize:
 
20 gallons
 
Diet:
 
Omnivore, eats most food
 
Breeding:
 
Egg layer
 
Care:
 
Easy - hardy fish that eats anything.
 
Ideal pH:
 
6.5-7
 
Temperature:
 
64-74 F (18-24 C)
 
Tank setup:
 
Danio should be provided with plenty of lighting and an open swimming space,together with some vegetation.
 
Sexing:
 
Females are usually larger and have a fullerbody than males.
 
Zebra Danio
 
Description: 
All Danios are torpedo-shaped fish, usually small (except for giantdanio), and very fast. Some Danios, such as the Zebra Danio and theLeopard Danio, have very beautiful body patterns.
 
Habitat/Care: 
Danios are omnivorous, accepting almost any foods. Althoughundemanding in diet, they particularly enjoy small live or frozeninverts, and fresh vegetable matter.
 
Mixing with other fishes: 
Danios are highly peaceful fish that can be mixed with most otherfish of similar size. A schooling fish, it prefers to be in groups of sixor more.
 
Because they are very fast, they tend to be among the first to feed atmeal times, so you need to ensure that slower eaters have some foodto eat.
 
 
 
Spotted Danio
 
Pearl Danio
 
Pearl Danio
 
Diet: 
Danios are omnivorous. In the wild, these fishconsume various small aquatic insects, crustaceans,worms as well as plankton. For this reason, they canbe used to reduce mosquito larvae populations inponds and ditches.
 
Floating flake food and freeze dried blood worms are popular food for Danios. Both of these foods are available in moststores that sell pet fish. Danios also relish an occasionalfeeding of a few live Black Worms and live or frozen brineshrimp.
 
Some text noted that Danios are relatively fast, and are oftenamong the first to feed.
 
Breeding: 
Danios are somewhat unique, as they are quite loyal to their chosenmate. Mated pairs remain together, and rarely spawn with others,even if one mate dies.
 
The breeding tank should be set up with shallow water,approximately six inches deep. Furnish the tank with fine-leavedplants or a spawning grid on the bottom. Course gravel works well,as the eggs will fall between the gravel pieces and will be protectedfrom the adult fish, which will readily eat their own eggs.
 
Spawning requires temperatures of up to 78 degrees F, and can betrigged by raising the water a couple of degrees near dawn, whenspawning normally occurs. 300 to 500 eggs will be scattered acrossthe bottom and on the plants. Remove breeders after spawning, asthey will consume the young.
 
The fry will hatch in two days. They are very tiny, and can easily belost when changing water, so take care when maintaining the grow-out tank. Feed the young commercially prepared fry food, or finelycrushed dry foods. Powdered egg may also be added to the fry foodto promote growth.
 
Disease 
 
Danio are susceptible to Oodinium, (Velvet disease).
 
 
Oodinium
- microscopic parasite that block the gills of fish.
 
Symptoms:
 
 
Scratchs against hard objects
 
 
Fish is lethargic
 
 
Loss of appetite and weight loss
 
 
Rapid, labored breathing
 
 
Fins clamped against body
 
 
Fine yellow or rusty colored film on skin
 
 
In advanced stages skin peeks off 
 
Initially the fish rub against hard objects trying to dislodge the parasites. As the disease progresses the fish becomeslethargic, fins are held close to the body, appetite is reduced and the fish loses weight. A key symptom is difficultbreathing, resulting in rapid gilling.
 
Perhaps the most telltale symptom is the appearance of a velvety film on the skin that resembles gold or rust coloreddust. The film may be difficult to see, but can be more easily detected by directing a beam of a flashlight on the fish ina darkened room. The parasite is most often seen on the fins and gills.
 
Treatment :
 
 
Raise water temperature
 
 
Dim lights for several days
 
 
Add aquarium salt
 
 
Treat with copper sulphate for ten days
 
 
Discontinue carbon filtration during treatment
 
Variants: 
 
Zebra Danio
- The fish is named for its five uniformly, pigmented, horizontal blue stripes on the side of the body; allextending to the anal fin onto the end of caudal fin rays of its tail. The males have gold stripes between the blue stripesand females have silver stripes instead of gold.
 
 
Pearl Danio
- pearly blue-violet hued body is accented by an orange-red stripe running from tail to mid-body. Malesare smaller, slimmer, and more colorful, often showing a red tint along the ventral aspect.
 
 
Leopard Danio
- have spots on its body similar to that of a leopard spots.
 
 
Gold Danio
- are similar to Zebra Danio in that it also have strips yellow-golden and white strips on the sides of thebody;
 
 
Spotted Danio
- have a blank line in their side, and below the line, small black spots can be seen.
 
 
Giant Danio
- this danio can grow to 6 inches (15 cm). They are characterized by a blue and yellow torpedo shapedbody with gray and clear fins.
 
Photo Galley 
Got a photo? Contact me.

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