Association of Metallurgical Engineers of Serbia Review
MALACHITE FINDS IN VIN
A CULTURE: EVIDENCEOF EARLY COPPER METALLURGY IN SERBIA
Institute of Archaeology, Knez Mihailova 35/IV, Belgrade, Serbiaaidanton@yubc.net
ABSTRACTLarge ore deposits in the central Balkans resulted in early discovery of metallurgy by the Neolithic inhabitants. High quantity of malachite at some Vin
a culture sites wasexplained as associated with the beginning of metallurgy. Malachite was found mostly inform of amorphous lumps so it is more likely that it was primarily used in primitivemetallurgy and incidentally in production of stone objects for adornment.
malachite, early copper metallurgy, Vin
Large ore deposits in the central Balkans resulted in early discovery of metallurgy by the Neolithic inhabitants. Finds and situations encountered atsome of Vin
a sites in Serbia (Vin
nik, Belovode, Fafos etc.) support thatstatement [1, 13, 25, 29, 33, 34]. These very finds and situations shift theintroduction of metallurgy in the central Balkans to the very beginning of theVin
a culture and also transfer the epicenter of development of early metallurgyfrom the eastern to the central Serbia.
Objects of malachite, indeed in small quantity, were also in use earlier of the Vin
a culture in the territory it later encompassed.
One pendant is recordedat Lepenski Vir in settlement IIIa while in pits and pit dwellings of Lepenski Vir IIIb settlement occur the beads of azurite and malachite [21, 22]. At Divostin Idated in Star
evo culture was found one pendant and one conically shaped pieceof azurite . At Zmajevac near Smederevska Palanka, also the Star
evoculture site, was recorded the lump of malachite . These isolated cases shouldnot be connected with metallurgy because malachite was used exclusively asdecorative stone but this undoubtedly confirms that bearers of Star
evo culturewere acquainted with deposits of copper ore. Cases of the use of malachite for production of decorative objects, also entirely exceptional, were recorded in theEarly Neolithic of surrounding areas. All these finds, as well as those from theStar
evo culture territory occur in the immediate vicinity of copper bearingregions .The most obvious evidence of the early introduction of copper metallurgy ishigh quantity of malachite, mostly as amorphous lumps and rather less as beadsand pendants, recorded at some Vin
a culture sites.