European Journal of Developing Country Studies, Vol.11 2011ISSN(paper)2668-3385 ISSN(online)2668-3687www.BellPress.org 30
who answered the question. Proportional percentage, average, graph and frequency distribution in terms of specific category were followed to give the research a proper logical quantitative ground.
3. Result and Discussion:
3.1 Place of Birth and Gender of the Respondents
In the survey the respondents were selected randomly whereas 69.3 per cent were male and 30.7 per cent werefemale. It should also be noted that, perhaps, contrary to common perceptions, a substantial proportion of thesample was male. Despite occupational likeliness, the survey depicted that an overwhelming majority (94.7 per cent) of the respondents were of rural family origin, while only just over 5 per cent were in urban origin. Thedata indicate that the rural poverty is more prone than that of urban, which instigates the rural people to migrateto city, and consequently provoke to begging.
3.2. Age of the Respondents
The present study reveals that average age of the respondents in the sample was about 65 years, indicating thatthe aged people are more prone to begging due to lack of old age security. The age distribution of beggars showsthat majority (24 per cent) of the respondents were in the age group between 50 and 59 years, followed by about23 per cent between 40 and 49, 14 per cent between 30 and 39. Moreover, it was also found that just over 1 per cent of the respondents were below 19 years, while about 15 per cent were over 70 years.
3.3. Marital Status of the Respondents
Different categories of people comprising married, unmarried, divorced, separated were found to be engaged in begging profession. The study revealed that there was substantial difference between married people and the restof the each category. It was found that majority (78 per cent) of respondents were married, while there was nosignificant difference in the percentage between divorced (8 per cent) and separated (9 per cent) and unmarried(5 per cent). As is observed in the survey, 143 out of 150 respondents comprises about 95 per cent of the totalwere found to be got married. In the case of number of getting married, about 77 per cent got married for a once,followed by just over 18 per cent twice, 3.5 per cent thrice and 1.4 per cent four times.
3.4. Level of Education of the Respondents
The sample was not homogeneous with respect to educational attainment. The literacy rate was very poor amongthe study groups, when about 55 per cent were illiterate, followed by about 27 per cent ‘can sign only’, 4 per cent ‘can sign and read only’. It was also found that only 8 per cent of the respondents had completed the courseof a five-year education, whereas just over 3 per cent were between the class six to ten.
3.5. Accommodation Status and Living Partner of the Respondents
The case history data of the survey demonstrated that about half of the total respondents were living in slum,followed by 16 per cent in low rented house, just beyond 15 per cent in street or footpath. There were nosubstantial variations in percentage in the case of living places in shelter centre, house of
and market,which accounted 2.7 per cent, 2 per cent and 1.3 per cent respectively. This suggests that independent housingcircumstances may not have been a feasible option for this group either financially or with respect to having thenecessary living skills. As is observed earlier, 78 per cent of the respondents were married of whom just shorthalf (49.3 per cent) lived with family along with husband/wife and children, whereas 34 per cent of therespondents lived in alienation without having family members or any other else. In addition, it was also evidentthat about 13 per cent stayed with peer workers and only 1.3 per cent with owner/employer/
with whomthey shared their income.
3.6. Professional Duration of the Respondents
The study indicates that a considerable number of the beggars started this profession over six years ago whichaccounted 48.7 per cent of the respondents, followed by 12.7 per cent between the years 4 and 5 and 8.7 per cent