MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS2 MarksUNIT I1. Define MIS.
management information system
) is a system or process that providesinformation needed to manage organizations effectively. An 'MIS' is a plannedsystem of the collecting, processing, storing and disseminating data in the form ofinformation needed to carry out the functions of management.
2. Goals of MIS
Provide managers with information
Regular, routine operations
Control, organize and plan better
3. Benefits of MIS
Effective and efficient coordination between Departments
Quick and reliable referencing
Access to relevant data and document
Use of less labour
Improvement in organizational and departmental techniques
Management of day-to-day activities
Data is the raw material in the production of information. It represents a fact; anumber, a statement, or a picture. A single piece of data has no meaning unless thecontext is understood.
Information is the data that have meaning within a context. Data in relationshipsand pattern gives information. Data after manipulation is called information.
Knowledge is seen as a dynamic human process of justifying personal beliefs as part
of an aspiration for the “truth”.
Knowledge is the acquisition and even theunderstanding that one has acquired information.
is the processes and the products that lead to understanding and takingdecisions related to reality. Intelligence is a way of manipulating information.