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EBIOS-UM

EBIOS-UM

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Published by Michael Williams

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Published by: Michael Williams on Feb 09, 2013
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11/16/2013

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Embedded BIOS
TM
4.1
The Full-Featured BIOS for Embedded Systems andConsumer Electronics
*
BIOS User’s Manual with BIOS Interrupt Reference
Copyright (C) 1990-1998 General Software, Inc.All rights reserved.
 
General Software EMBEDDED BIOS User’s Manual
TABLE OF CONTENTS
KEY EMBEDDED BIOS CONCEPTS ................................................................................................ 71.1 A
RCHITECTURAL
O
VERVIEW
.......................................................................................................7
1.1.1 M
EMORY
M
ODEL
.....................................................................................................................81.1.1.1 The Interrupt Vector Table.................................................................................................81.1.1.2 The BIOS Data Area..........................................................................................................81.1.1.3 Free Low RAM..................................................................................................................81.1.1.4 The Extended BIOS Data Area...........................................................................................91.1.1.5 Expanded Memory.............................................................................................................91.1.1.6 Video ROM Extensions......................................................................................................91.1.1.7 Other ROM Extensions......................................................................................................91.1.1.8 The System ROM............................................................................................................101.1.1.9 Extended Memory............................................................................................................101.1.1.10 CMOS Memory.............................................................................................................101.1.2 I
NTERRUPT
M
ODEL
................................................................................................................101.1.2.1 BIOS Service Interrupts...................................................................................................121.1.2.1.1 INT 10h, Video Services............................................................................................121.1.2.1.2 INT 11h, Equipment List Service...............................................................................131.1.2.1.3 INT 12h, Low Memory Size Service..........................................................................131.1.2.1.4 INT 13h, Disk Services.............................................................................................141.1.2.1.5 INT 14h, Serial Port Services....................................................................................161.1.2.1.6 INT 15h, General System Services.............................................................................171.1.2.1.7 INT 16h, Keyboard Services......................................................................................181.1.2.1.8 INT 17h, Parallel Port Services..................................................................................191.1.2.1.9 INT 18h, Boot Fault Routine.....................................................................................191.1.2.1.10 INT 19h, Bootstrap Routine.....................................................................................191.1.2.1.11 INT 1ah, Time/Date Services...................................................................................201.1.2.2 Table Pointers..................................................................................................................211.1.2.2.1 INT 1dh, Video Parameter Table (VPT).....................................................................211.1.2.2.2 INT 1eh, Floppy Diskette Parameter Table (DPT)......................................................211.1.2.2.3 INT 1fh, Video Graphics Character Table (VGCT)....................................................221.1.2.2.4 INT 41h/46h, Fixed Disk Paramter Tables (FDPTs)..................................................221.1.2.3 BIOS Upcalls...................................................................................................................231.1.2.3.1 INT 15h Device Management....................................................................................231.1.2.3.1.1 INT 15h Function 4fh..........................................................................................231.1.2.3.1.2 INT 15h Function 90h.........................................................................................241.1.2.3.1.3 INT 15h Function 91h.........................................................................................241.1.2.3.1.4 INT 15h Function 85h.........................................................................................241.1.2.3.2 INT 1bh Control-Break Signal...................................................................................251.1.2.3.3 INT 1ch User Timer Interrupt....................................................................................251.1.2.3.4 INT 4ah Real Time Software Interrupt.......................................................................251.1.2.4 CPU Traps/Faults............................................................................................................261.1.2.5 Hardware Interrupts.........................................................................................................271.10.3 S
YSTEM
C
ONFIGURATION
T
ABLE
.........................................................................................28
1.11 C
ONSOLE
I/O R
EDIRECTION
....................................................................................................28

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