Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Participatory Action Research (PAR) as a modality for resolving intra-state conflict in Caqueta Colombia.pdf

Participatory Action Research (PAR) as a modality for resolving intra-state conflict in Caqueta Colombia.pdf

Ratings: (0)|Views: 13|Likes:
Abstract: This essay reviews the use of participatory action research (PAR) as a modality of civil-military engagement aimed at the resolution of violent intrastate conflict. The use of PAR as a means of engagement to counter the ongoing narco-insurgency of the Colombian Armed Revolutionary Front’s southern block was a departure from the kinetic based praxis of standard counterinsurgency operations. The case study is based on a 14 month partnership between an American combat advisory team, a host nation social development agency called Acción Social, and the national security forces assigned to the state of Caquetá, in southern Colombia, South America. The partnership was funded by Plan Colombia, a multi-billion dollar aid program funded by the United States Congress to fight terrorism, drug cartels and stabilize the society of Colombia (Johnson, 2001). The American combat advisor team was supplied by the United States Army Special Operations Command (USASOC) based at Fort Bragg, NC.
Abstract: This essay reviews the use of participatory action research (PAR) as a modality of civil-military engagement aimed at the resolution of violent intrastate conflict. The use of PAR as a means of engagement to counter the ongoing narco-insurgency of the Colombian Armed Revolutionary Front’s southern block was a departure from the kinetic based praxis of standard counterinsurgency operations. The case study is based on a 14 month partnership between an American combat advisory team, a host nation social development agency called Acción Social, and the national security forces assigned to the state of Caquetá, in southern Colombia, South America. The partnership was funded by Plan Colombia, a multi-billion dollar aid program funded by the United States Congress to fight terrorism, drug cartels and stabilize the society of Colombia (Johnson, 2001). The American combat advisor team was supplied by the United States Army Special Operations Command (USASOC) based at Fort Bragg, NC.

More info:

Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Patrick James Christian on Feb 09, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

02/09/2013

pdf

text

original

 
Participatory Action Research (PAR) as a modality forresolving intra-state conflict in Caquetá, Colombia
Patrick James ChristianNova Southeastern University Department of Conflict Analysis & Resolution20 November 2011
Abstract:
This essay reviews the use of participatory action research (PAR) asa modality of civil-militaryengagement aimed at the resolution of violent intrastate conflict. The use of PAR as a means of engagement tocounter the ongoing narco-insurgencyof the Colombian Armed RevolutionaryFront’s southern block was a departurefrom the kinetic based praxis of standardcounterinsurgency operations. The case studyis based on a 14 month partnership between an American combat advisory team, a host nationsocial development agency called
 Acción Social
, and the national security forces assigned to thestate of Caquetá, in southern Colombia, South America. The partnership was funded by PlanColombia, a multi-billion dollar aid program funded by the United States Congress to fightterrorism, drug cartels and stabilize the society of Colombia (Johnson, 2001). The Americancombat advisor team was supplied by the United States Army Special Operations Command(USASOC) based at Fort Bragg, NC.
Introduction The United States Departments of Defense and State rely on civil-military teams of trainers, planners and advisors to assist friendly foreign nations with their internal defense. These men and women are often key components of our national foreign policy strategy tomitigate or reduce intra-state violence. The research methods or models that these teamsuse to implement and adjust their strategies during their mission are often inadequate or illsuited to meet their needs. Teams use a combination of empirical and post-positivistresearch to assess their tactics or strategies against the expected development of the hostcommunity. Despite limited success at meeting their assigned goals, most teams continue torepeat their pre-planned approach to advising or training irrespective of success or failure
Pueblo Indians of the northern Amazon Jungle Basin
 
Participatory Action Research
in Caquetá Colombia
 
2
 
|
 
P a g e
 
© P a t r i c k
 
J
 
C h r i s t i a n
 
until their mission time is complete and they return to their originating station
1
. These teamsoperate in unique biospheres where geography, geology, climate, cultural identity andhistorical narrative create conditions that directly determine the probability of success of any single approach. As well, the composition, mission and temperament of each team providesadditional significant variables that are ignored at the risk of mission success and the publicfunding that made such a mission possible. This essay recounts a successful use of qualitative research that was used to shape and adapt one such team’s mission in theprovincial department of Caquetá in southern Colombia. Caquetá is one of threedepartments (or states) of southern Colombia that are within the Amazon Jungle Basin andare home to the Colombian Armed Revolutionary Front’s Southern Block (FARC)
2
. The warfor control of the towns, municipalities and hearts and minds of the people of these stateshas lasted for nearly half a century. Their homes and farms are the battlefields of the longestrunning insurgency in the Americas. Against this magnitude of violent conflict, how doesone team specializing in internal defense and development help to win the hearts and mindsof a battered population and secure them from a ruthless narco-insurgency bent onmaintaining the status quo for the next half century?In the early morning hours of January 17
th
, 2007, insurgent fighters belonging to theFARC’s Teófilo Forero Mobil Column (or TFMC) blew up the Nestle Milk processing plantin the village of El Doncello, Department of Caquetá, southern Colombia. The insurgentcell hijacked a milk truck, loaded it with explosives and drove it up to the plant docking platform. When it exploded, it destroyed Caquetá’s primary milk processing plant andbrought milk processing for the departments’ dairy farmers to less than 30% of capacity.Sources confided to military and police investigators that plant officials had recently becomeconfident enough in the security of the Department of Caquetá to begin refusing to pay theroutine extortion demands of the FARC’s 15
th
Front and TFMC’s 3
rd
, 4
th
and 6
th
Companiesoperating in western central Caquetá. The destruction of the plant’s facilities wasaccompanied by the wounding and killing of several plant workers who were on duty at thetime. The destroyed milk processing plant occupied a central position economically for thedepartment’s dairy farmers. Nestle corporation established the plant and its subsidiary holding tanks throughout the department decades earlier to support the introduction of highquality lines of dairy cattle to the regions farmers. By the time of the attack, dairy farming and processing accounted for more than forty percent of the department’s revenueproducing industry. The loss of the plant was central in that without its ability to condensethe milk produced by the regions’ farmers, there was no way to transport the bulk product to
1
 
Based on personal experience on three continents and nine countries; such teams that have primarily a technicaltraining mission such as maintenance, manufacturing or entry level skill sets have a considerably higher success rate thanthose assigned to whole of government missions required for countering insurgencies in under-governed territories.
2
The three states where the Southern Block operates are Caquetá, Los Amazonas and Putumayo. The latter two statestogether border the countries of Ecuador, Peru and Brazil.
 
Participatory Action Research
in Caquetá Colombia
 
3
 
|
 
P a g e
 
© P a t r i c k
 
J
 
C h r i s t i a n
 
refineries in the US and Europe. The resulting outcry over the bombing was substantial.Out of this anger over the targeting of the central economic lifeline of the region was thecreation of a willingness to change on the part of social stakeholders within Caquetá. Thischange was to begin with the establishment of a long overdue public-private sectorpartnership for infrastructure security and the emergence of participatory governance deeperinto the jungles of southern Colombia.Participatory action research (PAR) is a method of inquiry that supports an intent toinstigate and/or adopt change within sociological structures of human community. As aform of qualitative inquiry, PAR serves as a method of responding to sociological dilemmas where human systems of thought and action fail to achieve desired results (Reason &Bradbury, 2001). The American advisory team until now had been working apply a modeltypology of support commonly known as Internal Defense & Development, or IDAD, that was generated in Washington DC as part of Plan Colombia policy formulation. With thedestruction of the plant, the department’s public and private leadership faced the specter of large scale unemployment and the resultant inroads of insurgent forces armed with cocainefunded payrolls. Keenly concerned among these leaders was the military commander of the6
th
Colombian Division and the presidentially appointed director of 
 Acción Social 
, a domestic version of a cross between USAID and HUD. The Colombian military commander, MajorGeneral Germain Galvis, was a recent deputy commandant of the Inter-American DefenseCollege in Washington DC and was versed in modern methods of social development as arespite against insurgent violence. The Director of the Caquetá
 Acción Social 
was DianaCarolina Tamayo, a tenacious advocate of social stabilization and empowerment and apresidential appointee of Alvarez Uribe. These two leaders of security and development were to play an important role in the participatory action research that followed.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->