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Table Of Contents

1.1 Why water treatment?
1.1.1 Treatmentof drinking water
1. Introduction
1.1.2 Treatmentof process water
1.1.3 Requirements for water treatmentpumps
1.2 The chemistry of water
1.2.1 Gases dissolved in water
1.2.2 The conductivity of water
1.2.3 The hardness of water
1.2.4 The pH value of water (degree of acidity)
1.2.5 Other ions in water
1.2.6 Contentof organic and inorganic substances in water
1.3 Corrosion
1.3.1 Introduction
1.3.2 The corrosion cell
1.3.3 Causes of Corrosion
1.3.4 Corrosion of pump materials
1.3.5 Service-induced corrosion
1.3.6 Cathodic protection
1.3.7 Summary
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Ground water
2.2.1 Introduction
2.2.2 Treatmentof ground water
2. Aeration and sand filtration
2.2.3 Ground-water-based waterworks
2.2.4 Sand filter in closed tank
2.2.5 Organic substances in ground water
2.2.6 Corrosion connected with ground water
2.3 Surface water
2.3.1 Introduction
2.3.2 Types of water treatmentfor surface water
2.3.3 Drinking water based on surface water
2.4 Environmental pollutants
2.4.1 Pesticides and nitrate
2.4.2 Phosphate
2.4.3 Localised pollution
2.4.4 Can water treatmentdo anything about environmental pollutants?
2.5 Process water
3.1 Introduction
3.1.1 Filtration elements
3.1.2 Types of filter
3.2 Choice of pump for standard filtration
3. Standard filtration
3.3 Types of filter for standard filtration
3.3.1 Cartridge filters
3.3.2 Bag filters
3.3.3 Slotfilters
3.3.4 Drum filters
3.3.5 Band filters
3.4 Theory: Filter flow
3.4.1 Filter permeability
3.4.2 The significance of the filter area in filtration
3.4.3 The significance of the liquid temperature in filtration
3.4.4 The significance of the filter scaling and fouling
3.4.5 Pulsating filter operation
4.1 Definition
4.2 Introduction
4.2.1 Resins
4.2.2 The ion exchange process
4. Ion exchange
4.2.3 Regeneration
4.2.4 Application of ion exchange
4.3 ion exchange systems for industrial purposes
4.3.1 Total desalination of water (demineralisation, deionisation)
4.3.2 Total desalination of water in mix-bed ion exchanger
4.3.3 Removal of silica
4.4.5 Pumps in very large ion exchange systems
5.1. Introduction
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Membrane filtration is “cross-flow”fil- tration
5.3 Application of membrane filtration
5.4 The propelling force in membrane filtration
5.4.1 Electrical propelling force in membrane filtration
5. Membrane filtration
5.4.2 Chemical propelling force in membrane filtration
5.4.3 Applied pressure as the propelling force in mem- brane filtration
5.5 Types of membrane filtration
5.5.1 Materials in membrane filters
5.6 Membrane filtration modules
5.6.1 “Tubular”module
5.6.2 “Hollow fiber”module
5.6.3 “Spiral wound”module
5.6.4 “Plate and frame”module
5.7 Membrane filtration systems
5.7.1 Single membrane filtration system
5.7.2 “Christmas-tree layout”of membrane filtration system
5.7.3 “Loop”setup of membrane filtration system
5.7.4 Calculations for membrane filtration systems
5.8 Pumps in membrane filtration
5.8.1 Material selection for pumps in membrane filtration
5.8.2 Membrane filtration of process wastewater
5.8.3 Example: Pumps in brackish water systems
5.9 Membrane filtration of sea water
5.9.1 Energy recovery in sea water systems
5.9.2 Pumps in sea water systems
5.9.3 Sea water systems builtinto a container
5.10 Theory: Membrane filtration
5.10.1 Liquid flow in micro and ultra filtration
5.10.2 Liquid flow in nano and reverse osmosis filtration
The liquid flow in nano and reverse osmosis filtration can be ex-
5.10.3 Technical specifications for filters
5.10.4 Membrane capacity
6.1 Definition
6.2 The distillation process
6.3. Distillation systems
6.3.1 Distillation system with steam compression, type VVC
6. Distillation
6.3.3 Multi-effectdistillation system, type MED
6.3.4 Multi-stage distillation system, type MSF
6.4 Pumps in distillation systems
6.4.1 Sea water pumps
6.4.2 Brine transportpump (“blow down pump”)
6.4.3 Brine circulation pump
6.4.4 Drinking-water pump/distillate pump
6.4.5 Condensate pump
6.4.6 Dosing pump
6.5 Theory: Distillation
6.5.1 Schematic sketch of single-stage distillation system
6.5.2 Multi-effectdistillation system, type MED
6.5.3 Distillation system with steam compression, type VVC
Fig. 65:Schematic sketch of single-stage distillation system
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Water treatmentwith UV
7.3 Water treatmentwith ozone
7.4 Water treatmentwith both UV and ozone
7.5 UV systems
7. UV and ozone
7.6 Ozone systems
7.7 Pumps in UV and ozone systems
7.8 Theory: UV and ozone
7.8.1 Ultravioletlight
7.8.2 Ozone
8.1 Introduction
8. Chemical treatment (dosing pumps)
8.3 Dosing pump application
8.3.1 Dosing in distillation systems
8.3.2 Installation of dosing pumps
8.4 Sample calculation
8.5 Theory: Chemical treatment
8.6 Theory: Dosing Pumps
9. Overview of pumps in water treatmentapplications
10. Overview of Grundfos pumps
Source references
Listof figures
Listof tables
Glossary
Subjectindex
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Water Treatment

Water Treatment

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Published by: Sumaporn Chantaraaumporn on Feb 10, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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